Kate Scholberg

Professor of Physics

Office Location: 
273 Physics Bldg, Durham, NC 27708
Front Office Address: 
Box 90305, Durham, NC 27708-0305
Phone: 
(919) 660-2962

Overview

Prof. Scholberg's broad research interests include experimental elementary particle physics, astrophysics and cosmology. Her main specific interests are in neutrino physics: she studies neutrino oscillations with the Super-Kamiokande experiment, a giant underground water Cherenkov detector located in a mine in the Japanese Alps. Super-K was constructed to search for proton decay and to study neutrinos from the sun, from cosmic ray collisions in the atmosphere, and from supernovae. On Super-K, Prof. Scholberg's primary involvement is with the atmospheric neutrino data analysis, which in 1998 yielded the first convincing evidence for neutrino oscillation (implying the existence of non-zero neutrino mass).

One of the most important questions that we may be able to answer with neutrino oscillation experiments over the next couple of decades is the question of CP (charge conjugation-parity) violation in neutrinos. It's now well known that processes involving quarks violate CP symmetry; it's suspected that the same is true for leptons (such as neutrinos), but leptonic CP violation is as yet unobserved. We hope that understanding of CP violation, along with knowledge of the other neutrino parameters, may lead to insight into the question of the observed matter-antimatter asymmetry of the universe. The long-term program neutrino oscillation physics aims to answer these questions.

The next steps in neutrino oscillation research involve artificial beams of neutrinos sent hundreds of kilometers from accelerator laboratories to underground detectors. The T2K ("Tokai to Kamioka") high-intensity beam experiment sends neutrinos 300 km from an accelerator at the J-PARC facility in Japan to Super-K, and is currently exploring unknown oscillation parameters. The DUNE (Deep Underground Neutrino Experiment) is a planned next-generation U.S.-based international experiment designed to observe neutrinos beamed from Fermilab to a large liquid argon detector at a new underground facility in South Dakota.  One of Prof. Scholberg's particular interests on DUNE is the detector's sensitivity to the huge bursts of neutrinos from core-collapse supernovae.

Prof. Scholberg is spokesperson of COHERENT, a multi-detector experiment with the aim to detect CEvNS (Coherent Elastic Neutrino Nucleus Scattering), a never-before-detected neutrino interaction, using the high-intensity neutrinos produced by the Spallation Neutron Source at Oak Ridge National Laboratory in Tennessee. 

Prof. Scholberg also coordinates SNEWS, the SuperNova Early Warning System, an inter-experiment collaboration of detectors with Galactic supernova sensitivity. Neutrinos from a core collapse will precede the photon signal by hours; therefore coincident observation of a burst in several neutrino detectors will be a robust early warning of a visible supernova. The goals of SNEWS are to provide the astronomical community with a prompt alert of a Galactic core collapse, as well as to optimize global sensitivity to supernova neutrino physics.

Education & Training

  • Ph.D., California Institute of Technology 1996

  • M.S., California Institute of Technology 1991

  • B.Sc., McGill University (Canada) 1989

Selected Grants

Research in High Energy Physics at Duke University awarded by Department of Energy (Co-Principal Investigator). 2013 to 2019

Deep Underground Neutrino Experiment Project awarded by Fermilab (Principal Investigator). 2015 to 2018

Collaborative Research: SNEWS: The SuperNova Early Warning System awarded by National Science Foundation (Principal Investigator). 2010 to 2018

Collaborative Research: HALO, the Helium and Lead Observatory awarded by National Science Foundation (Principal Investigator). 2012 to 2018

REU Site: Undergraduate Research in Nuclear Physics at TUNL/Duke University awarded by National Science Foundation (Senior Investigator). 2015 to 2018

Deep Underground Neutrino Experiment Project awarded by Fermilab (Principal Investigator). 2013 to 2016

Photon Simulation in LBNE awarded by Fermilab (Principal Investigator). 2014 to 2015

Research in High Energy Physics at Duke University awarded by Department of Energy (Co-Principal Investigator). 1991 to 2013

Conference for Undergraduate Women in Physics awarded by National Science Foundation (Principal Investigator). 2010 to 2011

Pages

Scholberg, K. "Large underground detectors for proton decay and neutrino physics." 100 Years of Subatomic Physics. January 1, 2013. 311-342. Full Text

Abe, K, Amey, J, Andreopoulos, C, Antonova, M, Aoki, S, Ariga, A, Ashida, Y, Ban, S, Barbi, M, Barker, GJ, Barr, G, Barry, C, Batkiewicz, M, Berardi, V, Berkman, S, Bhadra, S, Bienstock, S, Blondel, A, Bolognesi, S, Bordoni, S, Boyd, SB, Brailsford, D, Bravar, A, Bronner, C, Buizza Avanzini, M, Calland, RG, Campbell, T, Cao, S, Cartwright, SL, Catanesi, MG, Cervera, A, Chappell, A, Checchia, C, Cherdack, D, Chikuma, N, Christodoulou, G, Coleman, J, Collazuol, G, Coplowe, D, and Cudd, A et al. "Measurement of and charged current inclusive cross sections and their ratio with the T2K off-axis near detector." Physical Review D 96.5 (September 2017). Full Text

Akimov, D, Albert, JB, An, P, Awe, C, Barbeau, PS, Becker, B, Belov, V, Brown, A, Bolozdynya, A, Cabrera-Palmer, B, Cervantes, M, Collar, JI, Cooper, RJ, Cooper, RL, Cuesta, C, Dean, DJ, Detwiler, JA, Eberhardt, A, Efremenko, Y, Elliott, SR, Erkela, EM, Fabris, L, Febbraro, M, Fields, NE, Fox, W, Fu, Z, Galindo-Uribarri, A, Green, MP, Hai, M, Heath, MR, Hedges, S, Hornback, D, Hossbach, TW, Iverson, EB, Kaufman, LJ, Ki, S, Klein, SR, Khromov, A, Konovalov, A, Kremer, M, Kumpan, A, and Leadbetter, C et al. "Observation of coherent elastic neutrino-nucleus scattering." Science (New York, N.Y.) 357.6356 (September 2017): 1123-1126. Full Text

Abe, K, Bronner, C, Pronost, G, Hayato, Y, Ikeda, M, Iyogi, K, Kameda, J, Kato, Y, Kishimoto, Y, Marti, L, Miura, M, Moriyama, S, Nakahata, M, Nakano, Y, Nakayama, S, Okajima, Y, Orii, A, Sekiya, H, Shiozawa, M, Sonoda, Y, Takeda, A, Takenaka, A, Tanaka, H, Tasaka, S, Tomura, T, Akutsu, R, Kajita, T, Kaneyuki, K, Nishimura, Y, Okumura, K, Tsui, KM, Labarga, L, Fernandez, P, Blaszczyk, FDM, Gustafson, J, Kachulis, C, Kearns, E, Raaf, JL, Stone, JL, Sulak, LR, Berkman, S, and Tobayama, S et al. "Search for nucleon decay into charged antilepton plus meson in exposure of the Super-Kamiokande water Cherenkov detector." Physical Review D 96.1 (July 2017). Full Text

Abe, K, Amey, J, Andreopoulos, C, Antonova, M, Aoki, S, Ariga, A, Ashida, Y, Autiero, D, Ban, S, Barbi, M, Barker, GJ, Barr, G, Barry, C, Bartet-Friburg, P, Batkiewicz, M, Berardi, V, Berkman, S, Bhadra, S, Bienstock, S, Blondel, A, Bolognesi, S, Bordoni, S, Boyd, SB, Brailsford, D, Bravar, A, Bronner, C, Buizza Avanzini, M, Calland, RG, Campbell, T, Cao, S, Cartwright, SL, Catanesi, MG, Cervera, A, Chappell, A, Checchia, C, Cherdack, D, Chikuma, N, Christodoulou, G, Clifton, A, and Coleman, J et al. "Updated T2K measurements of muon neutrino and antineutrino disappearance using protons on target." Physical Review D 96.1 (July 2017). Full Text

Abe, K, Amey, J, Andreopoulos, C, Antonova, M, Aoki, S, Ariga, A, Assylbekov, S, Autiero, D, Ban, S, Barbato, FCT, Barbi, M, Barker, GJ, Barr, G, Barry, C, Bartet-Friburg, P, Batkiewicz, M, Berardi, V, Berkman, S, Bhadra, S, Bienstock, S, Blondel, A, Bolognesi, S, Bordoni, S, Boyd, SB, Brailsford, D, Bravar, A, Bronner, C, Buizza Avanzini, M, Calland, RG, Campbell, T, Cao, S, Cartwright, SL, Castillo, R, Catanesi, MG, Cervera, A, Chappell, A, Checchia, C, Cherdack, D, and Chikuma, N et al. "Search for Lorentz and violation using sidereal time dependence of neutrino flavor transitions over a short baseline." Physical Review D 95.11 (June 2017). Full Text

Abe, K, Amey, J, Andreopoulos, C, Antonova, M, Aoki, S, Ariga, A, Autiero, D, Ban, S, Barbi, M, Barker, GJ, Barr, G, Barry, C, Bartet-Friburg, P, Batkiewicz, M, Berardi, V, Berkman, S, Bhadra, S, Bienstock, S, Blondel, A, Bolognesi, S, Bordoni, S, Boyd, SB, Brailsford, D, Bravar, A, Bronner, C, Buizza Avanzini, M, Calland, RG, Campbell, T, Cao, S, Cartwright, SL, Catanesi, MG, Cervera, A, Checchia, C, Cherdack, D, Chikuma, N, Christodoulou, G, Clifton, A, Coleman, J, Collazuol, G, and Coplowe, D et al. "Combined Analysis of Neutrino and Antineutrino Oscillations at T2K." Physical review letters 118.15 (April 10, 2017): 151801-. Full Text

Wright, WP, Kneller, JP, Ohlmann, ST, Röpke, FK, Scholberg, K, and Seitenzahl, IR. "Neutrinos from type Ia supernovae: The gravitationally confined detonation scenario." Physical Review D 95.4 (February 2017). Full Text

Abe, K, Andreopoulos, C, Antonova, M, Aoki, S, Ariga, A, Assylbekov, S, Autiero, D, Ban, S, Barbi, M, Barker, GJ, Barr, G, Bartet-Friburg, P, Batkiewicz, M, Bay, F, Berardi, V, Berkman, S, Bhadra, S, Bienstock, S, Blondel, A, Bolognesi, S, Bordoni, S, Boyd, SB, Brailsford, D, Bravar, A, Bronner, C, Buizza Avanzini, M, Calland, RG, Campbell, T, Cao, S, Caravaca Rodríguez, J, Cartwright, SL, Castillo, R, Catanesi, MG, Cervera, A, Cherdack, D, Chikuma, N, Christodoulou, G, Clifton, A, and Coleman, J et al. "First measurement of the muon neutrino charged current single pion production cross section on water with the T2K near detector." Physical Review D 95.1 (January 2017). Full Text

Abe, K, Haga, Y, Hayato, Y, Ikeda, M, Iyogi, K, Kameda, J, Kishimoto, Y, Miura, M, Moriyama, S, Nakahata, M, Nakajima, T, Nakano, Y, Nakayama, S, Orii, A, Sekiya, H, Shiozawa, M, Takeda, A, Tanaka, H, Tomura, T, Wendell, RA, Akutsu, R, Irvine, T, Kajita, T, Kaneyuki, K, Nishimura, Y, Richard, E, Okumura, K, Labarga, L, Fernandez, P, Gustafson, J, Kachulis, C, Kearns, E, Raaf, JL, Stone, JL, Sulak, LR, Berkman, S, Nantais, CM, Tanaka, HA, Tobayama, S, Goldhaber, M, Kropp, WR, and Mine, S et al. "Search for proton decay via and in exposure of the Super-Kamiokande water Cherenkov detector." Physical Review D 95.1 (January 2017). Full Text

Abe, K, Andreopoulos, C, Antonova, M, Aoki, S, Ariga, A, Assylbekov, S, Autiero, D, Ban, S, Barbi, M, Barker, GJ, Barr, G, Bartet-Friburg, P, Batkiewicz, M, Bay, F, Berardi, V, Berkman, S, Bhadra, S, Blondel, A, Bolognesi, S, Bordoni, S, Boyd, SB, Brailsford, D, Bravar, A, Bronner, C, Buizza Avanzini, M, Calland, RG, Campbell, T, Cao, S, Caravaca Rodríguez, J, Cartwright, SL, Castillo, R, Catanesi, MG, Cervera, A, Cherdack, D, Chikuma, N, Christodoulou, G, Clifton, A, Coleman, J, and Collazuol, G et al. "Measurement of Coherent π^{+} Production in Low Energy Neutrino-Carbon Scattering." Physical review letters 117.19 (November 4, 2016): 192501-. Full Text

Pages

Akimov, D, Albert, JB, Awe, C, Barbeau, PS, Becker, B, Belov, V, Bolozdynya, A, Burenkov, A, Cabrera-Palmer, B, Cervantes, M, Collar, JI, Cooper, RJ, Cooper, RL, Cuesta, C, Dean, D, del Valle Coello, M, Detwiler, J, Dolgolenko, AG, D’Onofrio, M, Eberhardt, A, Efremenko, Y, Elliott, SR, Etenko, A, Fabris, L, Fields, N, Fox, W, Galindo-Uribarri, A, Green, M, Heath, M, Hedges, S, Iverson, EB, Kaufman, LJ, Klein, SR, Khromov, A, Konovalov, A, Kovalenko, A, Kumpan, A, Li, L, Lu, W, and Mann, K et al. "COHERENT Experiment: current status." January 2017. Full Text

Izatt, B, Scholberq, K, and McMahan, RP. "Super-KAVE: An immersive visualization tool for neutrino physics." October 7, 2013. Full Text

Cravens, P, Hosaka, J, Ishihara, K, Kameda, J, Koshio, Y, Minamino, A, Mitsuda, G, Miura, M, Moriyama, S, Nakahata, M, Namba, T, Obayashi, Y, Shiozawa, M, Suzuki, Y, Takeda, A, Takeuchi, Y, Yamada, S, Higuchi, I, Ishitsuka, M, Kajita, T, Kaneyuki, K, Mitsuka, G, Nakayama, S, Nishino, H, Okada, A, Okumura, K, Saji, C, Takenaga, Y, Clark, S, Desai, S, Kearns, E, Likhoded, S, Stone, JL, Sulak, LR, Wang, W, Goldhaber, M, Casper, D, Cravens, JP, Kropp, WR, Liu, DW, Mine, S, Regis, C, and Smy, MB et al. "Current status of solar neutrinos at super-kamiokande." January 1, 2006.

Cravens, P, Hosaka, J, Ishihara, K, Kameda, J, Koshio, Y, Minamino, A, Mitsuda, G, Miura, M, Moriyama, S, Nakahata, M, Namba, T, Obayashi, Y, Shiozawa, M, Suzuki, Y, Takeda, A, Takeuchi, Y, Yamada, S, Higuchi, I, Ishitsuka, M, Kajita, T, Kaneyuki, K, Mitsuka, G, Nakayama, S, Nishino, H, Okada, A, Okumura, K, Saji, C, Takenaga, Y, Clark, S, Desai, S, Kearns, E, Likhoded, S, Stone, JL, Sulak, LR, Wang, W, Goldhaber, M, Casper, D, Cravens, JP, Kropp, WR, Liu, DW, Mine, S, Regis, C, and Smy, MB et al. "Current status of solar neutrinos at super-kamiokande." American Physical Society, 2006.