Kate Scholberg

Professor of Physics

Office Location: 
273 Physics Bldg, Durham, NC 27708
Front Office Address: 
Box 90305, Durham, NC 27708-0305
Phone: 
(919) 660-2962

Overview

Prof. Scholberg's broad research interests include experimental elementary particle physics, astrophysics and cosmology. Her main specific interests are in neutrino physics: she studies neutrino oscillations with the Super-Kamiokande experiment, a giant underground water Cherenkov detector located in a mine in the Japanese Alps. Super-K was constructed to search for proton decay and to study neutrinos from the sun, from cosmic ray collisions in the atmosphere, and from supernovae. On Super-K, Prof. Scholberg's primary involvement is with the atmospheric neutrino data analysis, which in 1998 yielded the first convincing evidence for neutrino oscillation (implying the existence of non-zero neutrino mass).

One of the most important questions that we may be able to answer with neutrino oscillation experiments over the next couple of decades is the question of CP (charge conjugation-parity) violation in neutrinos. It's now well known that processes involving quarks violate CP symmetry; it's suspected that the same is true for leptons (such as neutrinos), but leptonic CP violation is as yet unobserved. We hope that understanding of CP violation, along with knowledge of the other neutrino parameters, may lead to insight into the question of the observed matter-antimatter asymmetry of the universe. The long-term program neutrino oscillation physics aims to answer these questions.

The next steps in neutrino oscillation research involve artificial beams of neutrinos sent hundreds of kilometers from accelerator laboratories to underground detectors. The T2K ("Tokai to Kamioka") high-intensity beam experiment sends neutrinos 300 km from an accelerator at the J-PARC facility in Japan to Super-K, and is currently exploring unknown oscillation parameters. The DUNE (Deep Underground Neutrino Experiment) is a planned next-generation U.S.-based international experiment designed to observe neutrinos beamed from Fermilab to a large liquid argon detector at a new underground facility in South Dakota.  One of Prof. Scholberg's particular interests on DUNE is the detector's sensitivity to the huge bursts of neutrinos from core-collapse supernovae.

Prof. Scholberg is spokesperson of COHERENT, a multi-detector experiment with the aim to detect CEvNS (Coherent Elastic Neutrino Nucleus Scattering), a never-before-detected neutrino interaction, using the high-intensity neutrinos produced by the Spallation Neutron Source at Oak Ridge National Laboratory in Tennessee. 

Prof. Scholberg also coordinates SNEWS, the SuperNova Early Warning System, an inter-experiment collaboration of detectors with Galactic supernova sensitivity. Neutrinos from a core collapse will precede the photon signal by hours; therefore coincident observation of a burst in several neutrino detectors will be a robust early warning of a visible supernova. The goals of SNEWS are to provide the astronomical community with a prompt alert of a Galactic core collapse, as well as to optimize global sensitivity to supernova neutrino physics.

Education & Training

  • Ph.D., California Institute of Technology 1996

  • M.S., California Institute of Technology 1991

  • B.Sc., McGill University (Canada) 1989

Selected Grants

CAREER: Next Steps for Neutrino Oscillation Physics awarded by National Science Foundation (Principal Investigator). 2004 to 2010

Research in High Energy Physics at Duke University awarded by Department of Energy (Co-Principal Investigator). 1991 to 2009

Hadron Collider Physics Conference awarded by National Science Foundation (Principal Investigator). 2006 to 2007

Collaborative Research: SNEWS: The Supernova Early Warning System awarded by National Science Foundation (Principal Investigator). 2004 to 2006

Pages

Abe, K, Haga, K, Hayato, Y, Ikeda, M, Iyogi, K, Kameda, J, Kishimoto, Y, Miura, M, Moriyama, S, Nakahata, M, Nakajima, T, Nakano, Y, Nakayama, S, Orii, A, Sekiya, H, Shiozawa, M, Takeda, A, Tanaka, H, Tasaka, S, Tomura, T, Akutsu, R, Kajita, T, Kaneyuki, K, Nishimura, Y, Richard, E, Okumura, K, Labarga, L, Fernandez, P, Blaszczyk, FDM, Gustafson, J, Kachulis, C, Kearns, E, Raaf, JL, Stone, JL, Sulak, LR, Berkman, S, Nantais, CM, Tobayama, S, Goldhaber, M, Kropp, WR, Mine, S, and Weatherly, P et al. "SEARCH FOR NEUTRINOS IN SUPER-KAMIOKANDE ASSOCIATED WITH GRAVITATIONAL-WAVE EVENTS GW150914 AND GW151226." The Astrophysical Journal 830.1 (October 10, 2016): L11-L11. Full Text

Olive, KA. "Review of Particle Physics." Chinese Physics C 40.10 (October 2016): 100001-100001. Full Text

Richard, E, Okumura, K, Abe, K, Haga, Y, Hayato, Y, Ikeda, M, Iyogi, K, Kameda, J, Kishimoto, Y, Miura, M, Moriyama, S, Nakahata, M, Nakajima, T, Nakano, Y, Nakayama, S, Orii, A, Sekiya, H, Shiozawa, M, Takeda, A, Tanaka, H, Tomura, T, Wendell, RA, Akutsu, R, Irvine, T, Kajita, T, Kaneyuki, K, Nishimura, Y, Labarga, L, Fernandez, P, Gustafson, J, Kachulis, C, Kearns, E, Raaf, JL, Stone, JL, Sulak, LR, Berkman, S, Nantais, CM, Tanaka, HA, Tobayama, S, Goldhaber, M, Kropp, WR, and Mine, S et al. "Measurements of the atmospheric neutrino flux by Super-Kamiokande: Energy spectra, geomagnetic effects, and solar modulation." Physical Review D 94.5 (September 2016). Full Text

Abe, K, Haga, Y, Hayato, Y, Ikeda, M, Iyogi, K, Kameda, J, Kishimoto, Y, Marti, L, Miura, M, Moriyama, S, Nakahata, M, Nakajima, T, Nakayama, S, Orii, A, Sekiya, H, Shiozawa, M, Sonoda, Y, Takeda, A, Tanaka, H, Takenaga, Y, Tasaka, S, Tomura, T, Ueno, K, Yokozawa, T, Akutsu, R, Irvine, T, Kaji, H, Kajita, T, Kametani, I, Kaneyuki, K, Lee, KP, Nishimura, Y, McLachlan, T, Okumura, K, Richard, E, Labarga, L, Fernandez, P, Blaszczyk, FDM, Gustafson, J, Kachulis, C, Kearns, E, Raaf, JL, and Stone, JL et al. "Solar neutrino measurements in Super-Kamiokande-IV." Physical Review D 94.5 (September 2016). Full Text

Abe, K, Haga, Y, Hayato, Y, Ikeda, M, Iyogi, K, Kameda, J, Kishimoto, Y, Miura, M, Moriyama, S, Nakahata, M, Nakano, Y, Nakayama, S, Sekiya, H, Shiozawa, M, Suzuki, Y, Takeda, A, Tanaka, H, Tomura, T, Ueno, K, Wendell, RA, Yokozawa, T, Irvine, T, Kajita, T, Kametani, I, Kaneyuki, K, Lee, KP, McLachlan, T, Nishimura, Y, Richard, E, Okumura, K, Labarga, L, Fernandez, P, Berkman, S, Tanaka, HA, Tobayama, S, Gustafson, J, Kearns, E, Raaf, JL, Stone, JL, Sulak, LR, Goldhaber, M, and Carminati, G et al. "Real-time supernova neutrino burst monitor at Super-Kamiokande." Astroparticle Physics 81 (August 2016): 39-48. Full Text

Wright, WP, Nagaraj, G, Kneller, JP, Scholberg, K, and Seitenzahl, IR. "Neutrinos from type Ia supernovae: The deflagration-to-detonation transition scenario." Physical Review D 94.2 (July 2016). Full Text

Abe, K, Andreopoulos, C, Antonova, M, Aoki, S, Ariga, A, Assylbekov, S, Autiero, D, Barbi, M, Barker, GJ, Barr, G, Bartet-Friburg, P, Batkiewicz, M, Berardi, V, Berkman, S, Bhadra, S, Blondel, A, Bolognesi, S, Bordoni, S, Boyd, SB, Brailsford, D, Bravar, A, Bronner, C, Buizza Avanzini, M, Calland, RG, Cao, S, Caravaca Rodríguez, J, Cartwright, SL, Castillo, R, Catanesi, MG, Cervera, A, Cherdack, D, Chikuma, N, Christodoulou, G, Clifton, A, Coleman, J, Collazuol, G, Cremonesi, L, and Dabrowska, A et al. "Measurement of double-differential muon neutrino charged-current interactions on without pions in the final state using the T2K off-axis beam." Physical Review D 93.11 (June 2016). Full Text

Abe, K, Andreopoulos, C, Antonova, M, Aoki, S, Ariga, A, Assylbekov, S, Autiero, D, Barbi, M, Barker, GJ, Barr, G, Bartet-Friburg, P, Batkiewicz, M, Bay, F, Berardi, V, Berkman, S, Bhadra, S, Blondel, A, Bolognesi, S, Bordoni, S, Boyd, SB, Brailsford, D, Bravar, A, Bronner, C, Buizza Avanzini, M, Calland, RG, Cao, S, Caravaca Rodríguez, J, Cartwright, SL, Castillo, R, Catanesi, MG, Cervera, A, Cherdack, D, Chikuma, N, Christodoulou, G, Clifton, A, Coleman, J, Collazuol, G, and Cremonesi, L et al. "Measurement of Muon Antineutrino Oscillations with an Accelerator-Produced Off-Axis Beam." Physical review letters 116.18 (May 5, 2016): 181801-. Full Text

Abe, K, Andreopoulos, C, Antonova, M, Aoki, S, Ariga, A, Assylbekov, S, Autiero, D, Barbi, M, Barker, GJ, Barr, G, Bartet-Friburg, P, Batkiewicz, M, Bay, F, Berardi, V, Berkman, S, Bhadra, S, Blondel, A, Bolognesi, S, Bordoni, S, Boyd, SB, Brailsford, D, Bravar, A, Bronner, C, Calland, RG, Cao, S, Caravaca Rodríguez, J, Cartwright, SL, Castillo, R, Catanesi, MG, Cervera, A, Cherdack, D, Chikuma, N, Christodoulou, G, Clifton, A, Coleman, J, Collazuol, G, Cremonesi, L, Dabrowska, A, and De Rosa, G et al. "Measurement of the muon neutrino inclusive charged-current cross section in the energy range of 1–3 GeV with the T2K INGRID detector." Physical Review D 93.7 (April 2016). Full Text

Himmel, A, and Scholberg, K. "Supernova Neutrino Detection." Nuclear and Particle Physics Proceedings 273-275 (April 2016): 1897-1901. Full Text

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