James T. Dobbins

James T. Dobbins

Professor in Radiology

Office Location: 
Flowers Bldg, Suite 214, Box 90036, Durham, NC 27708
Front Office Address: 
Flowers Bldg, Suite 214, Box 90036, Durham, NC 27708
(919) 684-4859


James T. Dobbins III, PhD., FAAPM
Associate Vice Provost
Director, Office of Duke Kunshan University Programs
Professor of Radiology, Biomedical Engineering, and Physics
Chair, Education Council, American Association of Physicists in Medicine
Co-founder, Society of Directors of Academic Medical Physics Programs, Inc.

I serve in senior university administration as Associate Vice Provost for DKU Programs.  In this role I oversee the academic and programmatic efforts at Duke for the establishment of the graduate and undergraduate programs at Duke Kunshan University -- Duke's joint venture university in Kunshan, China.

My research career has focused on the application of physics to medicine.  I undertake projects that range from theoretical/mathematical projects, to invention of new imaging devices, to clinical trials and implementation of new imaging modalities.  Several research projects in my lab have resulted in commercial products that are now in use in hundreds of hospitals around the world.

I also have a passion for leadership and education.   I was the founding Director of the Medical Physics Graduate Program at Duke, which includes over 50 faculty and 50 MS and PhD students in diagnostic imaging physics, radiation oncology physics, nuclear medicine physics, and medical health physics.  I co-founded the Society of Directors of Academic Medical Physics Programs, Inc, which works to strengthen medical physics education worldwide.  And I currently serve as Chair of the Education Council for the American Association of Physics in Medicine, and through this work influence major educational directions for our field.

Whether in biomedical research, education, or university leadership, the goal of my career has been to enhance the common good in our globally connected community.

Education & Training

  • Ph.D., University of Wisconsin at Madison 1985

  • M.S., University of Wisconsin at Madison 1983

  • B.S., University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill 1978

Fellowships, Supported Research, & Other Grants

GE Healthcare VolumeRAD lung nodule detection study awarded by GE Healthcare (2009 to 2010)

Digital radiography research agreement with General Electric awarded by General Electric (2000 to 2006)

"Fourier-domain methods for optimization of tomosynthesis (NEQ)." Tomosynthesis Imaging. April 19, 2016. 135-145.

Dobbins, JT, Frush, DP, Kigongo, CJN, MacFall, JR, Reiman, RE, and Trahey, GE. "Medical Imaging Safety in the Developing World." Radiology in Global Health.: Springer New York. 2014. 41-60. Full Text

Pawlicki, T, Ayers, RG, Brock, KK, Clements, JB, Curran, BH, Dobbins, JT, Samei, E, Adams, E, Martin, MC, and Schober, L. "Proposed changes to the American Association of Physicists in Medicine governance." Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics 18.4 (July 2017): 4-6. Full Text

Dobbins, JT, McAdams, HP, Sabol, JM, Chakraborty, DP, Kazerooni, EA, Reddy, GP, Vikgren, J, and Båth, M. "Multi-Institutional Evaluation of Digital Tomosynthesis, Dual-Energy Radiography, and Conventional Chest Radiography for the Detection and Management of Pulmonary Nodules." Radiology 282.1 (January 2017): 236-250. Full Text

Erickson, DW, Wells, JR, Sturgeon, GM, Samei, E, Dobbins, JT, Segars, WP, and Lo, JY. "Population of 224 realistic human subject-based computational breast phantoms." Medical physics 43.1 (January 2016): 23-. Full Text

Kiarashi, N, Lo, JY, Lin, Y, Ikejimba, LC, Ghate, SV, Nolte, LW, Dobbins, JT, Segars, WP, and Samei, E. "Development and application of a suite of 4-D virtual breast phantoms for optimization and evaluation of breast imaging systems." Ieee Transactions on Medical Imaging 33.7 (July 2014): 1401-1409. Full Text

Hsu, CML, Palmeri, ML, Segars, WP, Veress, AI, and Dobbins, JT. "Generation of a suite of 3D computer-generated breast phantoms from a limited set of human subject data." Med Phys 40.4 (April 2013): 043703-. Full Text

Wells, JR, and Dobbins, JT. "Preliminary investigation of the frequency response and distortion properties of nonlinear image processing algorithms." Medical Imaging 2013: Physics of Medical Imaging (March 19, 2013). Full Text

Dobbins, JT, Wells, JR, and Segars, WP. "Dose reduction in CT with correlated-polarity noise reduction: comparable image quality at half the dose with projection space processing." Medical Imaging 2013: Physics of Medical Imaging (March 6, 2013). Full Text

Godfrey, DJ, McAdams, HP, and Dobbins, JT. "The effect of averaging adjacent planes for artifact reduction in matrix inversion tomosynthesis." Med Phys 40.2 (February 2013): 021907-. Full Text


Segars, WP, Veress, AI, Wells, JR, Sturgeon, GM, Kiarashi, N, Lo, JY, Samei, E, and Dobbins, JT. "Population of 100 realistic, patient-based computerized breast phantoms for multi-modality imaging research." SPIE Medical Imaging.: SPIE, March 19, 2014. Full Text

Kiarashi, N, Sturgeon, GM, Nolte, LW, Lo, JY, Dobbins, JT, Segars, WP, and Samei, E. "Development of matched virtual and physical breast phantoms based on patient data." SPIE Medical Imaging.: SPIE, March 19, 2013. Full Text

Kiarashi, N, Lin, Y, Segars, WP, Ghate, SV, Ikejimba, L, Chen, B, Lo, JY, Dobbins, JT, Nolte, LW, and Samei, E. "Development of a dynamic 4D anthropomorphic breast phantom for contrast-based breast imaging." SPIE Medical Imaging.: SPIE, February 23, 2012. Full Text

Dobbins III, JT, Wells, JR, Segars, WP, Li, CM, and Kigongo, CJN. "Initial investigation into lower-cost CT for resource limited regions of the world." SPIE Medical Imaging.: SPIE, March 4, 2010. Full Text

Hendee, W, Giger, M, Starkschall, G, Molloy, J, Peroni, C, Seibert, J, Dobbins, J, Smilowitz, J, Hogstrom, K, Montemayor, V, and Jackson, E. "TU-C-211A-01: Becoming a Better Teacher.": Wiley, June 2009. Full Text