Harold U. Baranger
Professor of Physics
The broad focus of Prof. Baranger's group is quantum open systems at the nanoscale, particularly the generation of correlation between particles in such systems. Fundamental interest in nanophysics-- the physics of small, nanometer scale, bits of solid-- stems from the ability to control and probe systems on length scales larger than atoms but small enough that the averaging inherent in bulk properties has not yet occurred. Using this ability, entirely unanticipated phenomena can be uncovered on the one hand, and the microscopic basis of bulk phenomena can be probed on the other. Additional interest comes from the many links between nanophysics and nanotechnology. Within this thematic area, our work ranges from projects trying to nail down realistic behavior in well-characterized systems, to more speculative projects reaching beyond regimes investigated experimentally to date.
Correlations between particles are a central issue in many areas of condensed matter physics, from emergent many-body phenomena in complex materials, to strong matter-light interactions in quantum information contexts, to transport properties of single molecules. Such correlations, for either electrons or bosons (photons, plasmons, phonons,…), underlie key phenomena in nanostructures. Using the exquisite control of nanostructures now possible, experimentalists will be able to engineer correlations in nanosystems in the near future. Of particular interest are cases in which one can tune the competition between different types of correlation, or in which correlation can be tunably enhanced or suppressed by other effects (such as confinement or interference), potentially causing a quantum phase transition-- a sudden, qualitative change in the correlations in the system.
My recent work has addressed correlations in both electronic systems (quantum wires and dots) and photonic systems (photon waveguides). We have focused on 3 different systems: (1) qubits coupled to a photonic waveguide, (2) quantum dots in a dissipative environment, and (3) low-density electron gas in a quantum wire. The methods used are both analytical and numerical, and are closely linked to experiments.
Ullmo, D., et al. “Interactions and broken time-reversal symmetry in chaotic quantum dots.” Physical Review B Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, vol. 71, no. 20, Jan. 2005. Scopus, doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.71.201310. Full Text
Yoo, J., et al. “Cluster algorithms for quantum impurity models and mesoscopic Kondo physics.” Physical Review B Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, vol. 71, no. 20, Jan. 2005. Scopus, doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.71.201309. Full Text
Ghosal, A., et al. “Interaction Effects in Irregular Quantum Dots: A Quantum Monte Carlo Study.” Phys. Rev. B, vol. 71, cond-mat/0411242, 2005.
Ke, San-Huang, et al. “Molecular conductance: chemical trends of anchoring groups.” Journal of the American Chemical Society, vol. 126, no. 48, Dec. 2004, pp. 15897–904. Epmc, doi:10.1021/ja047367e. Full Text
Ullmo, D., et al. “Landau Fermi-liquid picture of spin density functional theory: Strutinsky approach to quantum dots.” Physical Review B Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, vol. 70, no. 20, Nov. 2004. Scopus, doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.70.205309. Full Text
Hentschel, Martina, et al. “Fermi-edge singularities in the mesoscopic x-ray edge problem.” Physical Review Letters, vol. 93, no. 17, Oct. 2004, p. 176807. Epmc, doi:10.1103/physrevlett.93.176807. Full Text
Ke, S. H., et al. “Electron transport through molecules: Self-consistent and non-self-consistent approaches.” Physical Review B Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, vol. 70, no. 8, Aug. 2004. Scopus, doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.70.085410. Full Text
Jiang, H., et al. “Electron-electron interactions in isolated and realistic quantum dots: A density functional theory study.” Physical Review B Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, vol. 69, no. 23, June 2004. Scopus, doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.69.235326. Full Text