Haiyan Gao

Haiyan Gao

Henry Newson Professor of Physics

Office Location: 
Ffsc 2313, Science Drive, Durham, NC 27708
Front Office Address: 
Box 90308, Durham, NC 27708-0308
Phone: 
(919) 660-2622

Overview

Prof. Gao's research focuses on understanding the structure of the nucleon in terms of quark and gluon degrees of freedom of Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD), search for QCD exotics, and fundamental symmetry studies at low energy to search for new physics beyond the Standard Model of electroweak interactions. Most of her work utilizes the novel experimental technique of scattering polarized electrons or photons from polarized gas targets. Over the years, her group built a number of state-of-the-art polarized gas targets including H/D internal gas target and a high-pressure polarized 3He target for photon experiments using the High Intensity Gamma Source (HIGS) facility at the Duke Free Electron Laser Laboratory (DFELL). Currently, her group and collaborators are focusing on a novel new experiment on a precise determination of the proton charge radius at the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (JLab) in Newport News, VA, and the SoLID project aiming at a three-dimensional imaging of the internal structure of proton and neutron in momentum space, i.e. nucleon tomography, at JLab.  Her research is being carried out at the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (JLab),and the HIGS facility at DFELL.

Education & Training

  • Ph.D., California Institute of Technology 1994

  • B.S., Tsinghua University (China) 1988

Selected Grants

Medium Energy Physics Program at Duke University awarded by Department of Energy (Principal Investigator). 2002 to 2019

Jefferson Science Associates (JSA) Fellowship - Weizhi Xiong awarded by (Principal Investigator). 2018 to 2019

Experimental Nuclear Physics - Dr. Tianbo Liu at Jefferson Lab awarded by (Principal Investigator). 2017 to 2019

REU Site: Undergraduate Research in Nuclear Physics at TUNL/Duke University awarded by National Science Foundation (Senior Investigator). 2015 to 2019

Xuefei Yan JSA Fellowship awarded by (Principal Investigator). 2016 to 2017

Chao Peng JSA Fellowship awarded by (Principal Investigator). 2014 to 2016

Non-equilibrium Fermi gases awarded by North Carolina State University (Principal Investigator). 2013 to 2016

The g2p experiment in Hall A at Jefferson Lab awarded by (Principal Investigator). 2012 to 2015

Ramona Bobocel, D., et al. Preface. 2011, pp. vii–xiv. Scopus, doi:10.4324/9780203837658. Full Text

Sulkosky, V., et al. “Extraction of the neutron electric form factor from measurements of inclusive double spin asymmetries.” Physical Review C, vol. 96, no. 6, Dec. 2017. Scopus, doi:10.1103/PhysRevC.96.065206. Full Text

Sikora, M. H., et al. “Compton scattering from He 4 at 61 MeV.” Physical Review C, vol. 96, no. 5, Nov. 2017. Scopus, doi:10.1103/PhysRevC.96.055209. Full Text

DeGrush, A., et al. “Measurement of the Vector and Tensor Asymmetries at Large Missing Momentum in Quasielastic (e[over →],e^{'}p) Electron Scattering from Deuterium..” Physical Review Letters, vol. 119, no. 18, Nov. 2017. Epmc, doi:10.1103/physrevlett.119.182501. Full Text

Ye, Z., et al. “Unveiling the nucleon tensor charge at Jefferson Lab: A study of the SoLID case.” Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High Energy Physics, vol. 767, Apr. 2017, pp. 91–98. Scopus, doi:10.1016/j.physletb.2017.01.046. Full Text

Yan, X., et al. “First measurement of unpolarized semi-inclusive deep-inelastic scattering cross sections from a He 3 target.” Physical Review C, vol. 95, no. 3, Mar. 2017. Scopus, doi:10.1103/PhysRevC.95.035209. Full Text

Flay, D., et al. “Measurements of d2n and A1n: Probing the neutron spin structure.” Physical Review D, vol. 94, no. 5, Sept. 2016. Scopus, doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.94.052003. Full Text

Zhang, Y. .. W., et al. “Measurement of the Target-Normal Single-Spin Asymmetry in Quasielastic Scattering from the Reaction (3)He(↑)(e,e')..” Physical Review Letters, vol. 115, no. 17, Oct. 2015. Epmc, doi:10.1103/physrevlett.115.172502. Full Text

Solvignon, P., et al. “Moments of the neutron g2 structure function at intermediate Q2.” Physical Review C  Nuclear Physics, vol. 92, no. 1, July 2015. Scopus, doi:10.1103/PhysRevC.92.015208. Full Text

Zhao, Y. X., et al. “Double spin asymmetries of inclusive hadron electroproduction from a transversely polarized He 3 target.” Physical Review C  Nuclear Physics, vol. 92, no. 1, July 2015. Scopus, doi:10.1103/PhysRevC.92.015207. Full Text

Parno, D. S., et al. “Precision measurements of A1n in the deep inelastic regime.” Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High Energy Physics, vol. 744, May 2015, pp. 309–14. Scopus, doi:10.1016/j.physletb.2015.03.067. Full Text

Pages

Peng, C., and H. Gao. “Proton Charge Radius (PRad) Experiment at Jefferson Lab.” Epj Web of Conferences, vol. 113, 2016. Scopus, doi:10.1051/epjconf/201611303007. Full Text

Gao, H., et al. “Experimental progress and status on nucleon electromagnetic form factors.” Epj Web of Conferences, vol. 113, 2016. Scopus, doi:10.1051/epjconf/201611301012. Full Text

Gao, H., and T. Liu. “Experimental overview on GPDs and TMDs.” Proceedings of Science, vol. 2016-September, 2016.

Gao, H., et al. “Latest results on few-body physics from HIγS.” Proceedings of Science, vol. 29-June-2015, 2015.

Gao, Haiyan. “Recent results on structure functions.” 35th International Conference of High Energy Physics (Ichep 2010), SCUOLA INT SUPERIORE STUDI AVANZATI-SISSA, 2010.

Qian, X., et al. “Study of semi-inclusive deep inelastic (e, e'π ± ) production with a polarized 3 He target.” Aip Conference Proceedings, vol. 1149, 2009, pp. 457–60. Scopus, doi:10.1063/1.3215688. Full Text

Gao, H., et al. “Study of the GDH sum rule of 3He at HIGS.” Proceedings of Science, vol. 86, 2009.

Gao, Haiyan. “Compton scattering from a high pressure polarized He-3 target at HI gamma S.” Czechoslovak Journal of Physics, vol. 56, INST PHYSICS ACAD SCI CZECH REPUBLIC, 2006, pp. C323–28.

Gao, Haiyan, and Christopher Crawford. “Proton electric to magnetic form factor ratio from spin-dependent electron scattering from polarized internal hydrogen gas target.” Czechoslovak Journal of Physics, vol. 56, INST PHYSICS ACAD SCI CZECH REPUBLIC, 2006, pp. C337–42.