Calvin R. Howell

Calvin R. Howell

Professor of Physics

Office Location: 
221 Dfell, Durham, NC 27708
Front Office Address: 
Box 90308, Durham, NC 27708-0308
(919) 660-2632


Professor Howell's research interests are the quantum chromodynamics (QCD) description of structure and reactions of few-nucleon systems, Big Bang and explosive nucleosynthesis, and applications of nuclear physics in biology, medicine and national security. His research includes: studies of few-nucleon reaction dynamics, measurements of the neutron-neutron scattering length, photodisintegration of the deuteron and beryllium at energies relevant to astrophysics processes, and studies of the carbon and nitrogen accumulation and translocation in plants using short-lived radioactive isotopes and positron emission tomography.

Education & Training

  • Ph.D., Duke University 1984

Weisel, G. J., et al. “Neutron-deuteron analyzing power data at 19.0 MeV.” Physical Review C  Nuclear Physics, vol. 81, no. 2, Feb. 2010. Scopus, doi:10.1103/PhysRevC.81.024003. Full Text Open Access Copy

Weisel, G. J., et al. “Neutron-deuteron analyzing power at 19.0 MeV.” Phys. Rev., vol. C 81, 2010.

Bowman, C. D., et al. “Basis for green energy multiplier*alternative nuclear technology (GEM*ART).” Transactions of the American Nuclear Society, vol. 100, Dec. 2009, pp. 578–79.

Weisenberger, A. G., et al. “Positron emission tomography detector development for plant biology.” Ieee Nuclear Science Symposium Conference Record, Dec. 2009, pp. 2323–28. Scopus, doi:10.1109/NSSMIC.2009.5402259. Full Text

Hutcheson, A., et al. “Cross sections for U238(n,n'γ) and U238(n,2nγ) reactions at incident neutron energies between 5 and 14 MeV.” Physical Review C  Nuclear Physics, vol. 80, no. 1, Aug. 2009. Scopus, doi:10.1103/PhysRevC.80.014603. Full Text

Furman, W. I., et al. “Current status of the experiment on direct measurement of neutron-neutron scattering length at the reactor yaguar.” Aip Conference Proceedings, vol. 1109, May 2009, pp. 53–58. Scopus, doi:10.1063/1.3122261. Full Text

Tonchev, A. P., et al. “Photodisintegration cross section of241Am.” Aip Conference Proceedings, vol. 1099, May 2009, pp. 820–23. Scopus, doi:10.1063/1.3120165. Full Text

Trotter, D. E. G., et al. “Neutron detection efficiency determinations for the TUNL neutron-neutron and neutron-proton scattering-length measurements.” Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, vol. 599, no. 2–3, Feb. 2009, pp. 234–42. Scopus, doi:10.1016/j.nima.2008.10.036. Full Text

Laveissière, G., et al. “Virtual Compton scattering and neutral pion electroproduction in the resonance region up to the deep inelastic region at backward angles.” Physical Review C  Nuclear Physics, vol. 79, no. 1, Jan. 2009. Scopus, doi:10.1103/PhysRevC.79.015201. Full Text

Bowman, C. D., et al. “Neutrons from a proton-driven deuterium target as a possible competitor to spallation for nuclear energy applications.” Nuclear Science and Engineering, vol. 161, no. 1, Jan. 2009, pp. 119–24. Scopus, doi:10.13182/NSE161-119. Full Text