Calvin R. Howell

Calvin R. Howell

Professor of Physics

Office Location: 
221 Dfell, Durham, NC 27708
Front Office Address: 
Box 90308, Durham, NC 27708-0308
Phone: 
(919) 660-2632

Overview

Professor Howell's research interests are the quantum chromodynamics (QCD) description of structure and reactions of few-nucleon systems, Big Bang and explosive nucleosynthesis, and applications of nuclear physics in biology, medicine and national security. His research includes: studies of few-nucleon reaction dynamics, measurements of the neutron-neutron scattering length, photodisintegration of the deuteron and beryllium at energies relevant to astrophysics processes, and studies of the carbon and nitrogen accumulation and translocation in plants using short-lived radioactive isotopes and positron emission tomography.

Education & Training

  • Ph.D., Duke University 1984

Selected Grants

Measurements of Neutron-induced Fission awarded by Department of Energy (Co Investigator). 2018 to 2021

Measurements of Short-Lived Fission Product Yields from Photon-Induced Fission of Special awarded by Department of Energy (Principal Investigator). 2018 to 2021

Sloan Foundation Graduate School Award awarded by Alfred P. Sloan Foundation (Co-Principal Investigator). 2017 to 2021

REU Site: Undergraduate Research in Nuclear Particle Physics at TUNL and Duke awarded by National Science Foundation (Senior Investigator). 2018 to 2021

Cross Section Measurements of Photonuclear Reaction Pathways Towards Promising Medical Isotopes awarded by Department of Energy (Principal Investigator). 2017 to 2019

REU Site: Undergraduate Research in Nuclear Physics at TUNL/Duke University awarded by National Science Foundation (Principal Investigator). 2015 to 2019

Ninth International Workshop on Chiral Dynamics, 2018 awarded by Department of Energy (Principal Investigator). 2018 to 2019

DukeMed Activated awarded by National Institutes of Health (Advisor). 2014 to 2019

Studies of Nuclear Structure Using Neutrons and Charged Particles awarded by Department of Energy (Co Investigator). 1997 to 2019

Photo-Fission Product Yields of Special Nuclear Materials awarded by Department of Energy (Principal Investigator). 2015 to 2018

Pages

Krishichayan, , Bhike, M, Finch, SW, Howell, CR, Tonchev, AP, and Tornow, W. "Photofission cross-section ratio measurement of 235 U/ 238 U using monoenergetic photons in the energy range of 9.0–16.6 MeV." Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment 854 (May 2017): 40-44. Full Text

Carlson, J, Carpenter, MP, Casten, R, Elster, C, Fallon, P, Gade, A, Gross, C, Hagen, G, Hayes, AC, Higinbotham, DW, Howell, CR, Horowitz, CJ, Jones, KL, Kondev, FG, Lapi, S, Macchiavelli, A, McCutchen, EA, Natowitz, J, Nazarewicz, W, Papenbrock, T, Reddy, S, Riley, MA, Savage, MJ, Savard, G, Sherrill, BM, Sobotka, LG, Stoyer, MA, Betty Tsang, M, Vetter, K, Wiedenhoever, I, Wuosmaa, AH, and Yennello, S. "White paper on nuclear astrophysics and low-energy nuclear physics, Part 2: Low-energy nuclear physics." Progress in Particle and Nuclear Physics 94 (May 2017): 68-124. Full Text

Gooden, ME, Arnold, CW, Becker, JA, Bhatia, C, Bhike, M, Bond, EM, Bredeweg, TA, Fallin, B, Fowler, MM, Howell, CR, Kelley, JH, Krishichayan, , Macri, R, Rusev, G, Ryan, C, Sheets, SA, Stoyer, MA, Tonchev, AP, Tornow, W, Vieira, DJ, and Wilhelmy, JB. "Energy Dependence of Fission Product Yields from 235U, 238U and 239Pu for Incident Neutron Energies Between 0.5 and 14.8 MeV." Nuclear Data Sheets 131 (January 2016): 319-356. Full Text

Bhatia, C, Fallin, B, Gooden, ME, Howell, CR, Kelley, JH, Tornow, W, Arnold, CW, Bond, EM, Bredeweg, TA, Fowler, MM, Moody, WA, Rundberg, RS, Rusev, G, Vieira, DJ, Wilhelmy, JB, Becker, JA, Macri, R, Ryan, C, Sheets, SA, Stoyer, MA, and Tonchev, AP. "Dual-fission chamber and neutron beam characterization for fission product yield measurements using monoenergetic neutrons." Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment 757 (September 2014): 7-19. Full Text

"Imaging corn plants with PhytoPET, a modular PET system for plant biology." 2013 Ieee Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference (2013 Nss/Mic) (October 2013). Full Text

Weisenberger, AG, Kross, B, Lee, SJ, McKisson, J, McKisson, JE, Xi, W, Zorn, C, Howell, CR, Crowell, AS, Reid, CD, and Smith, M. "Nuclear physics detector technology applied to plant biology research." Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment 718 (August 2013): 157-159. Full Text

Elhami, E, Orce, JN, Scheck, M, Mukhopadhyay, S, Choudry, SN, McEllistrem, MT, Yates, SW, Angell, C, Boswell, M, Fallin, B, Howell, CR, Hutcheson, A, Karwowski, HJ, Kelley, JH, Parpottas, Y, Tonchev, AP, and Tornow, W. "Erratum: Experimental study of the low-lying structure of Zr with the reaction [Phys. Rev. C 78 , 064303 (2008)]." Physical Review C 88.2 (August 2013). Full Text

Pages

Han, Z, Friesen, FQL, Howell, CR, Ahmed, MW, Crowe, BJ, Crowell, AS, Cumberbatch, LC, Fallin, B, Ticehurst, D, Tornow, W, and Witała, H. "Monte-Carlo Simulation of3H(γ,pn)nand3He(γ,pp)nExperiments at HIγS.": EDP Sciences, 2016. Full Text

Malone, RC, Crowe, B, Crowell, AS, Cumberbatch, LC, Esterline, JH, Fallin, BA, Friesen, FQL, Han, Z, Howell, CR, Markoff, D, Ticehurst, D, Tornow, W, and Witała, H. "Neutron-neutron quasifree scattering inndbreakup at 10 MeV.": EDP Sciences, 2016. Full Text

Friesen, FQL, Ahmed, MW, Crowe, BJ, Crowell, AS, Cumberbatch, LC, Fallin, B, Han, Z, Howell, CR, Malone, RM, Markoff, D, Tornow, W, and Witała, H. "Design of an Experiment to MeasureannUsing3H(γ,pn)nat HIγS.": EDP Sciences, 2016. Full Text

Kapadia, A, Agasthya, G, Cumberbatch, L, and Howell, C. "SU-GG-I-159: In-Vivo Iron Measurement through Nuclear Resonance Fluorescence.": Wiley, June 2010. Full Text

Brady, S, Gunasingha, R, Howell, C, Crowell, A, Fallin, B, and Yoshizumi, T. "SU-FF-T-372: Novel Neutron Dosimetry Using Radiochromic Films for 10 MeV Neutrons.": Wiley, June 2009. Full Text

Gunasingha, R, Howell, C, Crowell, A, Fallin, B, Yoshizumi, T, Song, H, Tonchev, A, Brady, S, and Anderson-Evans, C. "SU-FF-T-436: Comparison of Neutron Doses to a Water Target Exposed to a 10 MeV Neutron Beam: Foil Activation Method Vs. Monte Carlo Simulations.": Wiley, June 2009. Full Text

Tonchev, AP, Angell, C, Boswell, M, Howell, CR, Karwowski, HJ, Kelley, JH, Tornow, W, and Tsoneva, N. "Missing dipole excitation strength below the particle threshold." January 1, 2007.

Sharapov, EI. "Direct Measurement of Neutron-Neutron Scattering." APPLICATION OF ACCELERATORS IN RESEARCH AND INDUSTRY: 17TH International Conference on the Application of Accelerators in Research and Industry.: AIP, 2003. Full Text

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