Adam P. Wax

Adam P. Wax

Professor of Biomedical Engineering

Professor of Physics (Secondary)

Faculty Network Member of the Duke Institute for Brain Sciences

Member of the Duke Cancer Institute

Bass Fellow

Office Location: 
2571 CIEMAS, Durham, NC 27708
Front Office Address: 
Box 90281, Durham, NC 27708-0281
(919) 660-5143


Dr. Wax's research interests include optical spectroscopy for early cancer detection, novel microscopy and
interferometry techniques.

The study of intact, living cells with optical spectroscopy offers the opportunity to observe cellular structure, organization and dynamics in a way that is not possible with traditional methods. We have developed a set of novel spectroscopic techniques for measuring spatial, temporal and refractive structure on sub-hertz and sub-wavelength scales based on using low-coherence interferometry (LCI) to detect scattered light. We have applied these techniques in different types of cell biology experiments. In one experiment, LCI measurements of the angular pattern of backscattered light are used to determine non-invasively the structure of sub-cellular organelles in cell monolayers, and the components of epithelial tissue from freshly excised rat esophagus. This work has potential as a diagnostic method for early cancer detection. In another experiment, LCI phase measurements are used to examine volume changes of epithelial cells in a monolayer in response to environmental osmolarity changes. Although cell volume changes have been measured previously, this work demonstrates for the first time the volume of just a few cells (2 or 3) tracked continuously and in situ.

Education & Training

  • Ph.D., Duke University 1999

  • M.A., Duke University 1996

  • B.S., Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute 1993

Yarmoska, S. K., et al. “A calibration standard for two-dimensional angle-resolved low-coherence interferometry.” Optical Molecular Probes, Imaging and Drug Delivery, Omp 2013, Jan. 2013. Scopus, doi:10.1364/boda.2013.jt2a.10. Full Text

Wax, A. “Wigner distribution: Friend to biophotonics.” Optics Infobase Conference Papers, Jan. 2013.

Drake, Tyler K., et al. “Measuring dilution of microbicide gels with optical imaging.Plos One, vol. 8, no. 12, Jan. 2013, p. e82213. Epmc, doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0082213. Full Text

Seekell, Kevin, et al. “Feasibility study of brain tumor delineation using immunolabeled gold nanorods.Biomedical Optics Express, vol. 4, no. 11, Jan. 2013, pp. 2284–95. Epmc, doi:10.1364/boe.4.002284. Full Text

Yarmoska, Steven K., et al. “A scattering phantom for observing long range order with two-dimensional angle-resolved Low-Coherence Interferometry.Biomedical Optics Express, vol. 4, no. 9, Jan. 2013, pp. 1742–48. Epmc, doi:10.1364/boe.4.001742. Full Text

Wax, Adam, and Kevin J. Chalut. “Nuclear morphology measurements with angle-resolved low coherence interferometry for application to cell biology and early cancer detection.Studies in Health Technology and Informatics, vol. 185, Jan. 2013, pp. 129–51.

Skala, Melissa C., et al. “Three-dimensional molecular imaging with photothermal optical coherence tomography.Methods in Molecular Biology (Clifton, N.J.), vol. 1026, Jan. 2013, pp. 85–92. Epmc, doi:10.1007/978-1-62703-468-5_7. Full Text

Wax, Adam, et al. “Comparative review of interferometric detection of plasmonic nanoparticles.Biomedical Optics Express, vol. 4, no. 10, Jan. 2013, pp. 2166–78. Epmc, doi:10.1364/boe.4.002166. Full Text

Matthews, T. E., et al. “Multimodal multiplex raman spectroscopy and optical coherence tomography of tissue for drug monitoring.” Optical Molecular Probes, Imaging and Drug Delivery, Omp 2013, Jan. 2013. Scopus, doi:10.1364/omp.2013.mt1c.2. Full Text

Seekell, K., et al. “Feasibility of brain tumor delineation using immunolabeled gold nanorods.” Optical Molecular Probes, Imaging and Drug Delivery, Omp 2013, Jan. 2013. Scopus, doi:10.1364/omp.2013.mw1c.3. Full Text