# NS

## Advanced Physics Laboratory and Seminar

Experiments involving the fields of electricity, magnetism, heat, optics, and modern physics. Written and oral presentations of results. Instructor consent required. One course.

## Introduction to Biophysics

How theory and experimental techniques from physics can be used to analyze and understand biological structure and function, including chemical, mechanical, electrical, collective, and information-processing aspects. Prerequisites: BIOLOGY 201L and knowledge of statistical physics by taking either PHYSICS 363 or CHEM 311. One course.

## Thermal Physics

Thermal properties of matter treated using the basic concepts of entropy, temperature, chemical potential, partition function, and free energy. Topics include the laws of thermodynamics, ideal gases, thermal radiation and electrical noise, heat engines, Fermi-Dirac and Bose-Einstein distributions, semiconductor statistics, kinetic theory, and phase transformations. Prerequisite: PHYSICS 264L. One course.

## Electricity and Magnetism

Electrostatic fields and potentials, boundary value problems, magnetic induction, energy in electromagnetic fields, Maxwell's equations, introduction to electromagnetic radiation. Prerequisite: MATH 216 or equivalent. One course.

## Intermediate Mechanics

Newtonian mechanics at the intermediate level, Lagrangian mechanics, linear oscillations, chaos, dynamics of continuous media, motion in noninertial reference frames. Prerequisite: MATH 216 or equivalent (may be taken concurrently). One course.

## Optics and Photonics

One course.

## Introduction to Astrophysics

Basic principles of astronomy treated quantitatively. Cosmological models, galaxies, stars, interstellar matter, the solar system, and experimental techniques. MATH 212 and MATH 216 strongly encouraged. Prerequisites: PHYSICS 264 or instructor consent. One course.

## Electronics

Elements of electronics including circuits, transfer functions, solid-state devices, transistor circuits, operational amplifier applications, digital circuits, and computer interfaces. Lectures and laboratory. Prerequisites: PHYSICS 142L, 152L, or 162L, or equivalent; MATH 212 or equivalent. One course.

## Optics and Modern Physics

Third course in sequence for physics and biophysics majors. Introductory treatments of special relativity and quantum mechanics. Topics include: wave mechanics and interference; relativistic kinematics, energy and momentum; the Schrodinger equation and its interpretation; quantum particles in one-dimension; spin; fermions and bosons; the hydrogen spectrum. Applications to crystallography, semiconductors, atomic physics and optics, particle physics, and cosmology. Prerequisites: PHYSICS 162L and MATH 212 or their equivalents. One course.