Advanced topics in quantum mechanics with applications to current research. Topics might include theory of angular momentum, role of symmetry in quantum mechanics, perturbation methods, scattering theory, the Dirac equation of relativistic quantum mechanics, systems of identical particles, and quantum entanglement. Prerequisite: PHYSICS 464. One course.
Experiments involving the fields of electricity, magnetism, heat, optics, and modern physics. Written and oral presentations of results. Instructor consent required. One course.
How theory and experimental techniques from physics can be used to analyze and understand biological structure and function, including chemical, mechanical, electrical, collective, and information-processing aspects. Prerequisites: BIOLOGY 201L and knowledge of statistical physics by taking either PHYSICS 363 or CHEM 311. One course.
Thermal properties of matter treated using the basic concepts of entropy, temperature, chemical potential, partition function, and free energy. Topics include the laws of thermodynamics, ideal gases, thermal radiation and electrical noise, heat engines, Fermi-Dirac and Bose-Einstein distributions, semiconductor statistics, kinetic theory, and phase transformations. Prerequisite: PHYSICS 264L. One course.
Electrostatic fields and potentials, boundary value problems, magnetic induction, energy in electromagnetic fields, Maxwell's equations, introduction to electromagnetic radiation. Prerequisite: MATH 216 or equivalent. One course.
Newtonian mechanics at the intermediate level, Lagrangian mechanics, linear oscillations, chaos, dynamics of continuous media, motion in noninertial reference frames. Prerequisite: MATH 216 or equivalent (may be taken concurrently). One course.
Basic principles of astronomy treated quantitatively. Cosmological models, galaxies, stars, interstellar matter, the solar system, and experimental techniques. MATH 212 and MATH 216 strongly encouraged. Prerequisites: PHYSICS 264 or instructor consent. One course.
Elements of electronics including circuits, transfer functions, solid-state devices, transistor circuits, operational amplifier applications, digital circuits, and computer interfaces. Lectures and laboratory. Prerequisites: PHYSICS 142L, 152L, or 162L, or equivalent; MATH 212 or equivalent. One course.