An introductory survey of astrophysics with an emphasis on topics of current interest. Introduction to General Relativity, Stellar and Galactic Evolution, Standard Cosmology, Big-Bang Nucleosynthesis, Early Universe, Neutrino Astrophysics, Supernovae and Cosmic Rays, Special Topics. Prerequisites: PHYSICSs 361, 362, 363, 464; PHYSICS 465 is recommended. One course.
This course introduces the concepts and techniques of Einstein's general theory of relativity. The mathematics of Riemannian (Minkowskian) geometry will be presented in a self-contained way. The principle of equivalence and its implications will be discussed. Einstein's equations will be presented, as well as some important solutions including black holes and cosmological solutions. Advanced topics will be pursued subject to time limitations and instructor and student preferences. Prerequisite: A familiarity with the special theory and facility with multivariate calculus. One course.
Introduction to numerical algorithms and programming methodologies that are useful for studying a broad variety of physics problems via simulation. Applications include projectile motion, oscillatory dynamics, chaos, electric fields, wave propagation, diffusion, phase transitions, and quantum mechanics. Prerequisites: PHYSICS 264L and 363. Experience with a programming language is desirable, but can be acquired while taking the course. One course.
Fundamentals of kinetic theory, thermodynamics and statistical mechanics with applications to physics and chemistry. Undergraduate enrollment requires consent of director of undergraduate studies. Prerequisite: PHYSICS 464. One course.
Review of special relativity; ideas of general relativity; mathematics of curved space-time; formation of a geometric theory of gravity; Einstein field equation applied to problems such as the cosmological red-shift and blackholes. Prerequisite: PHYSICS 361 and MATH 216 or equivalents. One course.
Introduction to the study of temporal patterns in nonequilibrium systems. Theoretical, computational, and experimental insights used to explain phase space, bifurcations, stability theory, universality, attractors, fractals, chaos, and time-series analysis. Each student carries out an individual research project on a topic in nonlinear dynamics and gives a formal presentation of the results. Prerequisites: Computer Science 101, MATH 216, and PHYSICS 161L, 162L, or equivalent. One course.
Quantum phenomena in nanostructures, emphasizing interference, dimensionality, and electron interactions. Uses current research topics to introduce fundamental building blocks of the subject, thereby providing in addition a background in solid-state physics. Topics covered may include: graphene, carbon nanotubes, and topological insulators; scanning tunneling microscopy; quantum point contacts and quantum dots; spintronics, single electronics, and molecular electronics; superconducting qubits; giant and colossal magnetoresistance; quantum Hall effect.
Introductory survey course on nuclear and particle physics. Phenomenology and experimental foundations of nuclear and particle physics; fundamental forces and particles, composites. Interaction of particles with matter and detectors. SU(2), SU(3), models of mesons and baryons. Weak interactions and neutrino physics. Lepton-nucleon scattering, form factors and structure functions. QCD, gluon field and color. W and Z fields, electro-weak unification, the CKM matrix, Nucleon-nucleon interactions, properties of nuclei, single and collective particle models.
Survey lectures by Duke experts active in CNCS research; regular attendance in the CNCS seminar series; and a weekly meeting to discuss the lectures and seminars. May be repeated once. Prerequisite: PHYSICS 513. Half course.