NS

Astrophysics

An introductory survey of astrophysics with an emphasis on topics of current interest. Introduction to General Relativity, Stellar and Galactic Evolution, Standard Cosmology, Big-Bang Nucleosynthesis, Early Universe, Neutrino Astrophysics, Supernovae and Cosmic Rays, Special Topics. Prerequisites: PHYSICSs 361, 362, 363, 464; PHYSICS 465 is recommended. One course.

General Relativity

This course introduces the concepts and techniques of Einstein's general theory of relativity. The mathematics of Riemannian (Minkowskian) geometry will be presented in a self-contained way. The principle of equivalence and its implications will be discussed. Einstein's equations will be presented, as well as some important solutions including black holes and cosmological solutions. Advanced topics will be pursued subject to time limitations and instructor and student preferences. Prerequisite: A familiarity with the special theory and facility with multivariate calculus. One course.

Computational Physics

Introduction to numerical algorithms and programming methodologies that are useful for studying a broad variety of physics problems via simulation. Applications include projectile motion, oscillatory dynamics, chaos, electric fields, wave propagation, diffusion, phase transitions, and quantum mechanics. Prerequisites: PHYSICS 264L and 363. Experience with a programming language is desirable, but can be acquired while taking the course. One course.

Nonlinear Dynamics

Introduction to the study of temporal patterns in nonequilibrium systems. Theoretical, computational, and experimental insights used to explain phase space, bifurcations, stability theory, universality, attractors, fractals, chaos, and time-series analysis. Each student carries out an individual research project on a topic in nonlinear dynamics and gives a formal presentation of the results. Prerequisites: Computer Science 101, MATH 216, and PHYSICS 161L, 162L, or equivalent. One course.

Quantum Nanophysics

Quantum phenomena in nanostructures, emphasizing interference, dimensionality, and electron interactions. Uses current research topics to introduce fundamental building blocks of the subject, thereby providing in addition a background in solid-state physics. Topics covered may include: graphene, carbon nanotubes, and topological insulators; scanning tunneling microscopy; quantum point contacts and quantum dots; spintronics, single electronics, and molecular electronics; superconducting qubits; giant and colossal magnetoresistance; quantum Hall effect.

Introduction to Nuclear and Particle Physics

Introductory survey course on nuclear and particle physics. Phenomenology and experimental foundations of nuclear and particle physics; fundamental forces and particles, composites. Interaction of particles with matter and detectors. SU(2), SU(3), models of mesons and baryons. Weak interactions and neutrino physics. Lepton-nucleon scattering, form factors and structure functions. QCD, gluon field and color. W and Z fields, electro-weak unification, the CKM matrix, Nucleon-nucleon interactions, properties of nuclei, single and collective particle models.

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