Kate Scholberg

Professor of Physics

Office Location: 
273 Physics Bldg, Durham, NC 27708
Front Office Address: 
Box 90305, Durham, NC 27708-0305
Phone: 
(919) 660-2962

Overview

Prof. Scholberg's broad research interests include experimental elementary particle physics, astrophysics and cosmology. Her main specific interests are in neutrino physics: she studies neutrino oscillations with the Super-Kamiokande experiment, a giant underground water Cherenkov detector located in a mine in the Japanese Alps. Super-K was constructed to search for proton decay and to study neutrinos from the sun, from cosmic ray collisions in the atmosphere, and from supernovae. On Super-K, Prof. Scholberg's primary involvement is with the atmospheric neutrino data analysis, which in 1998 yielded the first convincing evidence for neutrino oscillation (implying the existence of non-zero neutrino mass).

One of the most important questions that we may be able to answer with neutrino oscillation experiments over the next couple of decades is the question of CP (charge conjugation-parity) violation in neutrinos. It's now well known that processes involving quarks violate CP symmetry; it's suspected that the same is true for leptons (such as neutrinos), but leptonic CP violation is as yet unobserved. We hope that understanding of CP violation, along with knowledge of the other neutrino parameters, may lead to insight into the question of the observed matter-antimatter asymmetry of the universe. The long-term program neutrino oscillation physics aims to answer these questions.

The next steps in neutrino oscillation research involve artificial beams of neutrinos sent hundreds of kilometers from accelerator laboratories to underground detectors. The T2K ("Tokai to Kamioka") high-intensity beam experiment sends neutrinos 300 km from an accelerator at the J-PARC facility in Japan to Super-K, and is currently exploring unknown oscillation parameters. The DUNE (Deep Underground Neutrino Experiment) is a planned next-generation U.S.-based international experiment designed to observe neutrinos beamed from Fermilab to a large liquid argon detector at a new underground facility in South Dakota.  One of Prof. Scholberg's particular interests on DUNE is the detector's sensitivity to the huge bursts of neutrinos from core-collapse supernovae.

Prof. Scholberg is spokesperson of COHERENT, a multi-detector experiment with the aim to detect CEvNS (Coherent Elastic Neutrino Nucleus Scattering), a never-before-detected neutrino interaction, using the high-intensity neutrinos produced by the Spallation Neutron Source at Oak Ridge National Laboratory in Tennessee. 

Prof. Scholberg also coordinates SNEWS, the SuperNova Early Warning System, an inter-experiment collaboration of detectors with Galactic supernova sensitivity. Neutrinos from a core collapse will precede the photon signal by hours; therefore coincident observation of a burst in several neutrino detectors will be a robust early warning of a visible supernova. The goals of SNEWS are to provide the astronomical community with a prompt alert of a Galactic core collapse, as well as to optimize global sensitivity to supernova neutrino physics.

Education & Training

  • Ph.D., California Institute of Technology 1996

  • M.S., California Institute of Technology 1991

  • B.Sc., McGill University (Canada) 1989

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Abe, K, Adam, J, Aihara, H, Akiri, T, Andreopoulos, C, Aoki, S, Ariga, A, Assylbekov, S, Autiero, D, Barbi, M, Barker, GJ, Barr, G, Bartet-Friburg, P, Bass, M, Batkiewicz, M, Bay, F, Berardi, V, Berger, BE, Berkman, S, Bhadra, S, Blaszczyk, FDM, Blondel, A, Bojechko, C, Bolognesi, S, Bordoni, S, Boyd, SB, Brailsford, D, Bravar, A, Bronner, C, Buchanan, N, Calland, RG, Caravaca Rodríguez, J, Cartwright, SL, Castillo, R, Catanesi, MG, Cervera, A, Cherdack, D, Chikuma, N, and Christodoulou, G et al. "Upper bound on neutrino mass based on T2K neutrino timing measurements." Physical Review D 93.1 (January 2016). Full Text

Abe, K, Adam, J, Aihara, H, Akiri, T, Andreopoulos, C, Aoki, S, Ariga, A, Assylbekov, S, Autiero, D, Barbi, M, Barker, GJ, Barr, G, Bartet-Friburg, P, Bass, M, Batkiewicz, M, Bay, F, Berardi, V, Berger, BE, Berkman, S, Bhadra, S, Blaszczyk, FDM, Blondel, A, Bojechko, C, Bolognesi, S, Bordoni, S, Boyd, SB, Brailsford, D, Bravar, A, Bronner, C, Calland, RG, Caravaca Rodríguez, J, Cartwright, SL, Castillo, R, Catanesi, MG, Cervera, A, Cherdack, D, Chikuma, N, Christodoulou, G, and Clifton, A et al. "Measurement of the charged-current quasielastic cross section on carbon with the ND280 detector at T2K." Physical Review D 92.11 (December 2015). Full Text

Takhistov, V, Abe, K, Haga, Y, Hayato, Y, Ikeda, M, Iyogi, K, Kameda, J, Kishimoto, Y, Miura, M, Moriyama, S, Nakahata, M, Nakajima, T, Nakano, Y, Nakayama, S, Orii, A, Sekiya, H, Shiozawa, M, Takeda, A, Tanaka, H, Tomura, T, Wendell, RA, Irvine, T, Kajita, T, Kametani, I, Kaneyuki, K, Nishimura, Y, Richard, E, Okumura, K, Labarga, L, Fernandez, P, Gustafson, J, Kachulis, C, Kearns, E, Raaf, JL, Stone, JL, Sulak, LR, Berkman, S, Nantais, CM, Tanaka, HA, Tobayama, S, Goldhaber, M, and Carminati, G et al. "Search for Nucleon and Dinucleon Decays with an Invisible Particle and a Charged Lepton in the Final State at the Super-Kamiokande Experiment." Physical review letters 115.12 (September 18, 2015): 121803-. Full Text

Abe, K, Adam, J, Aihara, H, Andreopoulos, C, Aoki, S, Ariga, A, Assylbekov, S, Autiero, D, Barbi, M, Barker, GJ, Barr, G, Bartet-Friburg, P, Bass, M, Batkiewicz, M, Bay, F, Berardi, V, Berger, BE, Berkman, S, Bhadra, S, Blaszczyk, FDM, Blondel, A, Bolognesi, S, Bordoni, S, Boyd, SB, Brailsford, D, Bravar, A, Bronner, C, Buchanan, N, Calland, RG, Caravaca Rodríguez, J, Cartwright, SL, Castillo, R, Catanesi, MG, Cervera, A, Cherdack, D, Chikuma, N, Christodoulou, G, Clifton, A, and Coleman, J et al. "Measurement of the charged current quasielastic cross section on carbon with the T2K on-axis neutrino beam." Physical Review D 91.11 (June 2015). Full Text

Abe, K, Adam, J, Aihara, H, Andreopoulos, C, Aoki, S, Ariga, A, Assylbekov, S, Autiero, D, Barbi, M, Barker, GJ, Barr, G, Bartet-Friburg, P, Bass, M, Batkiewicz, M, Bay, F, Berardi, V, Berger, BE, Berkman, S, Bhadra, S, Blaszczyk, FDM, Blondel, A, Bolognesi, S, Bordoni, S, Boyd, SB, Brailsford, D, Bravar, A, Bronner, C, Buchanan, N, Calland, RG, Caravaca Rodríguez, J, Cartwright, SL, Castillo, R, Catanesi, MG, Cervera, A, Cherdack, D, Chikuma, N, Christodoulou, G, Clifton, A, and Coleman, J et al. "Measurement of the electron neutrino charged-current interaction rate on water with the T2K ND280 detector." Physical Review D 91.11 (June 2015). Full Text

Abe, K, Aihara, H, Andreopoulos, C, Anghel, I, Ariga, A, Ariga, T, Asfandiyarov, R, Askins, M, Back, JJ, Ballett, P, Barbi, M, Barker, GJ, Barr, G, Bay, F, Beltrame, P, Berardi, V, Bergevin, M, Berkman, S, Berry, T, Bhadra, S, Blaszczyk, FDM, Blondel, A, Bolognesi, S, Boyd, SB, Bravar, A, Bronner, C, Cafagna, FS, Carminati, G, Cartwright, SL, Catanesi, MG, Choi, K, Choi, JH, Collazuol, G, Cowan, G, Cremonesi, L, Davies, G, De Rosa, G, Densham, C, Detwiler, J, Dewhurst, D, and Di Lodovico, F et al. "Physics potential of a long-baseline neutrino oscillation experiment using a J-PARC neutrino beam and Hyper-Kamiokande." Progress of Theoretical and Experimental Physics 2015.5 (May 19, 2015): 53C02-0. Full Text

Choi, K, Abe, K, Haga, Y, Hayato, Y, Iyogi, K, Kameda, J, Kishimoto, Y, Miura, M, Moriyama, S, Nakahata, M, Nakano, Y, Nakayama, S, Sekiya, H, Shiozawa, M, Suzuki, Y, Takeda, A, Tomura, T, Wendell, RA, Irvine, T, Kajita, T, Kametani, I, Kaneyuki, K, Lee, KP, Nishimura, Y, Okumura, K, McLachlan, T, Labarga, L, Kearns, E, Raaf, JL, Stone, JL, Sulak, LR, Berkman, S, Tanaka, HA, Tobayama, S, Goldhaber, M, Carminati, G, Kropp, WR, Mine, S, Renshaw, A, Smy, MB, Sobel, HW, Ganezer, KS, and Hill, J et al. "Search for neutrinos from annihilation of captured low-mass dark matter particles in the sun by super-kamiokande." Physical review letters 114.14 (April 6, 2015): 141301-. Full Text

Abe, K, Adam, J, Aihara, H, Akiri, T, Andreopoulos, C, Aoki, S, Ariga, A, Assylbekov, S, Autiero, D, Barbi, M, Barker, GJ, Barr, G, Bartet-Friburg, P, Bass, M, Batkiewicz, M, Bay, F, Berardi, V, Berger, BE, Berkman, S, Bhadra, S, Blaszczyk, FDM, Blondel, A, Bojechko, C, Bordoni, S, Boyd, SB, Brailsford, D, Bravar, A, Bronner, C, Buchanan, N, Calland, RG, Caravaca Rodriguez, J, Cartwright, SL, Castillo, R, Catanesi, MG, Cervera, A, Cherdack, D, Christodoulou, G, Clifton, A, and Coleman, J et al. "Neutrino oscillation physics potential of the T2K experiment." Progress of Theoretical and Experimental Physics 2015.4 (April 1, 2015): 43C01-0. Full Text

Abe, K, Adam, J, Aihara, H, Akiri, T, Andreopoulos, C, Aoki, S, Ariga, A, Assylbekov, S, Autiero, D, Barbi, M, Barker, GJ, Barr, G, Bartet-Friburg, P, Bass, M, Batkiewicz, M, Bay, F, Berardi, V, Berger, BE, Berkman, S, Bhadra, S, Blaszczyk, FDM, Blondel, A, Bolognesi, S, Bordoni, S, Boyd, SB, Brailsford, D, Bravar, A, Bronner, C, Buchanan, N, Calland, RG, Caravaca Rodríguez, J, Cartwright, SL, Castillo, R, Catanesi, MG, Cervera, A, Cherdack, D, Chikuma, N, Christodoulou, G, and Clifton, A et al. "Measurements of neutrino oscillation in appearance and disappearance channels by the T2K experiment with protons on target." Physical Review D 91.7 (April 2015). Full Text

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