Harold U. Baranger
Professor of Physics
The broad focus of Prof. Baranger's group is quantum open systems at the nanoscale, particularly the generation of correlation between particles in such systems. Fundamental interest in nanophysics-- the physics of small, nanometer scale, bits of solid-- stems from the ability to control and probe systems on length scales larger than atoms but small enough that the averaging inherent in bulk properties has not yet occurred. Using this ability, entirely unanticipated phenomena can be uncovered on the one hand, and the microscopic basis of bulk phenomena can be probed on the other. Additional interest comes from the many links between nanophysics and nanotechnology. Within this thematic area, our work ranges from projects trying to nail down realistic behavior in well-characterized systems, to more speculative projects reaching beyond regimes investigated experimentally to date.
Correlations between particles are a central issue in many areas of condensed matter physics, from emergent many-body phenomena in complex materials, to strong matter-light interactions in quantum information contexts, to transport properties of single molecules. Such correlations, for either electrons or bosons (photons, plasmons, phonons,…), underlie key phenomena in nanostructures. Using the exquisite control of nanostructures now possible, experimentalists will be able to engineer correlations in nanosystems in the near future. Of particular interest are cases in which one can tune the competition between different types of correlation, or in which correlation can be tunably enhanced or suppressed by other effects (such as confinement or interference), potentially causing a quantum phase transition-- a sudden, qualitative change in the correlations in the system.
My recent work has addressed correlations in both electronic systems (quantum wires and dots) and photonic systems (photon waveguides). We have focused on 3 different systems: (1) qubits coupled to a photonic waveguide, (2) quantum dots in a dissipative environment, and (3) low-density electron gas in a quantum wire. The methods used are both analytical and numerical, and are closely linked to experiments.
Quantum Phases in Nanosystems: Non-Equilibrium Phenomena Near Quantum Critical Points awarded by Department of Energy (Principal Investigator). 2010 to 2018
Waveguide QED: Photon Correlations in Strongly Coupled Open Systems awarded by National Science Foundation (Principal Investigator). 2011 to 2017
Enhancing Light-Matter Interfaces via Collective Self-Organization awarded by National Science Foundation (Co-Principal Investigator). 2012 to 2016
Development of dissipative resonant levels to study Majorana physics in nanotube quantum dots awarded by Army Research Office (Co-Principal Investigator). 2014 to 2015
Coherence and Correlations in Electronic Nanostructures awarded by National Science Foundation (Principal Investigator). 2005 to 2009
Collaborative Research: Is Resilient Quantum Computing in Solid State Systems Possible? awarded by National Science Foundation (Principal Investigator). 2005 to 2008
Coherence and Correlation in Electronic Nanostructures awarded by National Science Foundation (Principal Investigator). 2001 to 2006
Robustness of Quantum Computing in Quantum Dots awarded by Army Research Office (Principal Investigator). 2002 to 2005
Electronic Properties of Nanostructures awarded by National Science Foundation (Principal Investigator). 2002 to 2005
Fang, Y-LL, and Baranger, HU. "Multiple emitters in a waveguide: Nonreciprocity and correlated photons at perfect elastic transmission." Physical Review A 96.1 (July 2017). Full Text
Zhang, G, Novais, E, and Baranger, HU. "Rescuing a Quantum Phase Transition with Quantum Noise." Physical review letters 118.5 (February 2, 2017): 050402-. Full Text
Fang, Y-LL, and Baranger, HU. "Reprint of : Photon correlations generated by inelastic scattering in a one-dimensional waveguide coupled to three-level systems." Physica E: Low-dimensional Systems and Nanostructures 82 (August 2016): 71-78. Full Text
Fang, Y-LL, and Baranger, HU. "Photon correlations generated by inelastic scattering in a one-dimensional waveguide coupled to three-level systems." Physica E: Low-dimensional Systems and Nanostructures 78 (April 2016): 92-99. Full Text Open Access Copy
Bera, S, Baranger, HU, and Florens, S. "Dynamics of a qubit in a high-impedance transmission line from a bath perspective." Physical Review A 93.3 (March 2016). Full Text
Jin, L-J, Houzet, M, Meyer, JS, Baranger, HU, and Hekking, FWJ. "Detecting photon-photon interactions in a superconducting circuit." Physical Review B 92.13 (October 2015). Full Text
Fang, Y-LL, and Baranger, HU. "Waveguide QED: Power spectra and correlations of two photons scattered off multiple distant qubits and a mirror." Physical Review A 91.5 (May 2015). Full Text
Bera, S, Nazir, A, Chin, AW, Baranger, HU, and Florens, S. "Generalized multipolaron expansion for the spin-boson model: Environmental entanglement and the biased two-state system." Physical Review B 90.7 (August 2014). Full Text
Zheng, H, Florens, S, and Baranger, HU. "Transport signatures of Majorana quantum criticality realized by dissipative resonant tunneling." Physical Review B 89.23 (June 2014). Full Text
Mebrahtu, HT, Borzenets, IV, Zheng, H, Bomze, YV, Smirnov, AI, Florens, S, Baranger, HU, and Finkelstein, G. "Observation of majorana quantum critical behaviour in a resonant level coupled to a dissipative environment." Nature Physics 9.11 (November 1, 2013): 732-737. Full Text