Calvin R. Howell

Professor of Physics

Office Location: 
221 Dfell, Durham, NC 27708
Front Office Address: 
Box 90308, Durham, NC 27708-0308
Phone: 
(919) 660-2632

Overview

Professor Howell is the Director of the Triangle Universities Nuclear Laboratory (TUNL). His research interests are the quantum chromodynamics (QCD) description of structure and reactions of few-nucleon systems, Big Bang and explosive nucleosynthesis, and applications of nuclear physics in biology, medicine and national security. His research includes: studies of few-nucleon reaction dynamics, measurements of the neutron-neutron scattering length, photodisintegration of the deuteron and beryllium at energies relevant to astrophysics processes, and studies of the carbon and nitrogen accumulation and translocation in plants using short-lived radioactive isotopes and positron emission tomography.

Education & Training

  • Ph.D., Duke University 1984

Sabourov, A, Ahmed, MW, Blackston, MA, Crowell, AS, Howell, CR, Perdue, BA, Sabourov, K, Tonchev, A, Weller, HR, Prior, RM, and Spraker, MC. "Astrophysical S factor for the Li7(d,n0)Be8 and Li7(d,n1)Be8 reactions." Physical Review C - Nuclear Physics 73.1 (2006). Full Text

Trotter, DEG, Meneses, FS, Tornow, W, Howell, CR, Chen, Q, Crowell, AS, Roper, CD, Walter, RL, Schmidt, D, Witała, H, Glöckle, W, Tang, H, Zhou, Z, and Šlaus, I. "Neutron-deuteron breakup experiment at En=13MeV: Determination of the 1S0 neutron-neutron scattering length ann." Physical Review C - Nuclear Physics 73.3 (2006). Full Text

Jr, CEF, Bender, JE, Harrawood, B, Sharma, AC, Kapadia, A, Tourassi, GD, Lo, JY, and Howell, C. "Breast cancer diagnosis using neutron stimulated emission computed tomography: Dose and count requirements." Progress in Biomedical Optics and Imaging - Proceedings of SPIE 6142 II (2006). Full Text

Tonchev, AP, Boswell, M, Howell, CR, Karwowski, HJ, Kelley, JH, Tornow, W, and Wu, YK. "The high intensity gamma-ray source (HI gamma S) and recent results." NUCLEAR INSTRUMENTS & METHODS IN PHYSICS RESEARCH SECTION B-BEAM INTERACTIONS WITH MATERIALS AND ATOMS 241.1-4 (December 2005): 170-175. Full Text

Mitchell, GE, Furman, WI, Lychagin, EV, Muzichka, AY, Nekhaev, GV, Strelkov, AV, Sharapov, EI, Shvetsov, VN, Levakov, BG, Litvin, VI, Lyzhin, AE, Magda, EP, Crawford, BE, Stephenson, SL, Howell, CR, and Tornow, W. "A direct measurement of the neutron-neutron scattering length." BRAZILIAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICS 35.3B (September 2005): 850-853. Full Text

Wut, YK, Busch, M, Emamian, M, Faircloth, J, Gustavsson, J, Hartman, S, Howell, C, Johnson, M, Li, J, Mikhailov, S, Oakley, O, Patterson, J, Pentico, M, Popov, V, Rathbone, V, Swift, G, Wallace, P, and Wang, P. "Recommissioning of duke storage ring with a rom-damped RF cavity and a new straight section lattice for fels." Proceedings of the IEEE Particle Accelerator Conference 2005 (2005): 3934-3936. Full Text

Kapadia, AJ, Jr, CEF, Bender, JE, Howell, CR, Crowell, AS, and Kiser, MR. "Non-invasive quantification of iron56Fe in beef liver using neutron stimulated emission computed tomography." IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium Conference Record 4 (2005): 2232-2234. Full Text

Punjabi, V, Perdrisat, CF, Aniol, KA, Baker, FT, Berthot, J, Bertin, PY, Bertozzi, W, Besson, A, Bimbot, L, Boeglin, WU, Brash, EJ, Brown, D, Calarco, JR, Cardman, LS, Chai, Z, Chang, C-C, Chen, J-P, Chudakov, E, Churchwell, S, Cisbani, E, Dale, DS, Leo, RD, Deur, A, Diederich, B, Domingo, JJ, Epstein, MB, Ewell, LA, Fissum, KG, Fleck, A, Fonvieille, H, Frullani, S, Gao, J, Garibaldi, F, Gasparian, A, Gerstner, G, Gilad, S, Gilman, R, Glamazdin, A, Glashausser, C, Gomez, J, and Gorbenko, V et al. "Proton elastic form factor ratios to Q2=3.5GeV2 by polarization transfer." Physical Review C - Nuclear Physics 71.5 (2005). Full Text

Mitchell, GE, Furman, WI, Lychagin, EV, Muzichka, AY, Nekhaev, GV, Strelkov, AV, Sharapov, EI, Shvetsov, VN, Chernuhin, YI, Levakov, BG, Litvin, VI, Lyzhin, AE, Magda, EP, Crawford, BE, Stephenson, SL, Howell, CR, and Tornow, W. "Direct nn-scattering measurement with the pulsed reactor YAGUAR." Journal of Research of the National Institute of Standards and Technology 110.3 (2005): 225-230.

Setze, HR, Howell, CR, Tornow, W, Braun, RT, Trotter, DEG, Hussein, AH, Pedroni, RS, Roper, CD, Salinas, F, Šlaus, I, Vlahović, B, Walter, RL, Mertens, G, Lambert, JM, Witała, H, and Glöckle, W. "Cross-section measurements of neutron-deuteron breakup at 13.0 MeV." Physical Review C - Nuclear Physics 71.3 (2005). Full Text

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