Calvin R. Howell

Calvin R. Howell

Professor of Physics

Office Location: 
221 Dfell, Durham, NC 27708
Front Office Address: 
Box 90308, Durham, NC 27708-0308
(919) 660-2632


Professor Howell is the Director of the Triangle Universities Nuclear Laboratory (TUNL). His research interests are the quantum chromodynamics (QCD) description of structure and reactions of few-nucleon systems, Big Bang and explosive nucleosynthesis, and applications of nuclear physics in biology, medicine and national security. His research includes: studies of few-nucleon reaction dynamics, measurements of the neutron-neutron scattering length, photodisintegration of the deuteron and beryllium at energies relevant to astrophysics processes, and studies of the carbon and nitrogen accumulation and translocation in plants using short-lived radioactive isotopes and positron emission tomography.

Education & Training

  • Ph.D., Duke University 1984

Bowman, CD, Bilpuch, EG, Bowman, DC, Crowell, AS, Howell, CR, McCabe, K, Smith, GA, Tonchev, AP, Tornow, W, Violet, V, Vogelaar, RB, Walter, RL, and Yingling, J. "Reducing Parasitic Thermal Neutron Absorption in Graphite by 30%." Nucl. Science and Eng. 161 (2009): 68-. (Academic Article)

Laveissière, G, Degrande, N, Jaminion, S, Jutier, C, Todor, L, Salvo, RD, Hoorebeke, LV, Alexa, LC, Anderson, BD, Aniol, KA, Arundell, K, Audit, G, Auerbach, L, Baker, FT, Baylac, M, Berthot, J, Bertin, PY, Bertozzi, W, Bimbot, L, Boeglin, WU, Brash, EJ, Breton, V, Breuer, H, Burtin, E, Calarco, JR, Cardman, LS, Cavata, C, Chang, C-C, Chen, J-P, Chudakov, E, Cisbani, E, Dale, DS, Jager, CWD, Leo, RD, Deur, A, D'Hose, N, Dodge, GE, Domingo, JJ, Elouadrhiri, L, Epstein, MB, Ewell, LA, and Finn, JM et al. "Virtual Compton scattering and neutral pion electroproduction in the resonance region up to the deep inelastic region at backward angles." Physical Review C - Nuclear Physics 79.1 (2009). Full Text

Weisenberger, AG, Kross, B, McKisson, J, Stolin, A, Zorn, C, Howell, CR, Crowell, AS, Reid, CD, Majewski, S, and Smith, MF. "Positron emission tomography detector development for plant biology." IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium Conference Record (2009): 2323-2328. Full Text

Bowman, CD, Vogelaar, RB, Bilpuch, EG, Bowman, DC, Howell, CR, Pierson, MA, Tonchev, AP, and Tornow, W. "Basis for green energy multiplier*alternative nuclear technology (GEM*ART)." Transactions of the American Nuclear Society 100 (2009): 578-579.

Furman, WI, Muzichka, AY, Crawford, BE, Howell, CR, Kandiev, Y, Levakov, BG, Litvin, VI, Lychagin, EV, Lyzhin, AE, Mitchell, GE, Nekhaev, GV, Sharapov, EI, Shvetsov, VN, Stephenson, SL, Strelkov, AV, Tchernukhin, YI, and Tomow, W. "Current status of the experiment on direct measurement of neutron-neutron scattering length at the reactor yaguar." AIP Conference Proceedings 1109 (2009): 53-58. Full Text

Tonchev, AP, Hammond, S, Howell, CR, Huibregtse, C, Hutcheson, A, Karwowski, HJ, Kelley, JH, Kwan, E, Rusev, G, Tornow, W, Vieira, DJ, and Wilhelmy, JB. "Photodisintegration cross section of241Am." AIP Conference Proceedings 1099 (2009): 820-823. Full Text

Hutcheson, A, Angell, C, Becker, JA, Crowell, AS, Dashdorj, D, Fallin, B, Fotiades, N, Howell, CR, Karwowski, HJ, Kawano, T, Kelley, JH, Kwan, E, MacRi, RA, Nelson, RO, Pedroni, RS, Tonchev, AP, and Tornow, W. "Cross sections for U238(n,n'γ) and U238(n,2nγ) reactions at incident neutron energies between 5 and 14 MeV." Physical Review C - Nuclear Physics 80.1 (2009). Full Text

Kapadia, AJ, Tourassi, GD, Sharma, AC, Crowell, AS, Kiser, MR, and Howell, CR. "Experimental detection of iron overload in liver through neutron stimulated emission spectroscopy." Phys Med Biol 53.10 (May 21, 2008): 2633-2649. Full Text

Floyd, CE, Kapadia, AJ, Bender, JE, Sharma, AC, Xia, JQ, Harrawood, BP, Tourassi, GD, Lo, JY, Crowell, AS, Kiser, MR, and Howell, CR. "Neutron-stimulated emission computed tomography of a multi-element phantom." Phys Med Biol 53.9 (May 7, 2008): 2313-2326. Full Text

Elhami, E, Orce, JN, Scheck, M, Mukhopadhyay, S, Choudry, SN, McEllistrem, MT, Yates, SW, Angell, C, Boswell, M, Fallin, B, Howell, CR, Hutcheson, A, Karwowski, HJ, Kelley, JH, Parpottas, Y, Tonchev, AP, and Tornow, W. "Experimental study of the low-lying structure of Zr94 with the (n,n'γ) reaction." Physical Review C - Nuclear Physics 78.6 (2008). Full Text