Calvin R. Howell

Professor of Physics

Office Location: 
221 Dfell, Durham, NC 27708
Front Office Address: 
Box 90308, Durham, NC 27708-0308
(919) 660-2632


Professor Howell is the Director of the Triangle Universities Nuclear Laboratory (TUNL). His research interests are the quantum chromodynamics (QCD) description of structure and reactions of few-nucleon systems, Big Bang and explosive nucleosynthesis, and applications of nuclear physics in biology, medicine and national security. His research includes: studies of few-nucleon reaction dynamics, measurements of the neutron-neutron scattering length, photodisintegration of the deuteron and beryllium at energies relevant to astrophysics processes, and studies of the carbon and nitrogen accumulation and translocation in plants using short-lived radioactive isotopes and positron emission tomography.

Education & Training

  • Ph.D., Duke University 1984

Zhou, Z, Ruan, X, Du, Y, Qi, B, Tang, H, Xia, H, Walter, RL, Braun, RT, Howell, CR, Tornow, W, Weisel, GJ, Dupuis, M, Delaroche, JP, Chen, Z, Chen, Z, and Chen, Y. "Differential cross section for neutron scattering from Bi209 at 37 MeV and the weak particle-core coupling." Physical Review C - Nuclear Physics 82.2 (2010). Full Text Open Access Copy

Weisel, GJ, Tornow, W, Crowe, BJ, Crowell, AS, Esterline, JH, Howell, CR, Kelley, JH, Macri, RA, Pedroni, RS, Walter, RL, and Witala, H. "Neutron-deuteron analyzing power at 19.0 MeV." Phys. Rev. C 81 (2010): 024003-. (Academic Article)

Tonchev, AP, Hammond, SL, Howell, CR, Huibregtse, C, Hutcheson, A, Kelley, JH, Kwan, E, Raut, R, Rusev, G, Tornow, W, Kawano, T, Vieira, DJ, and Wilhelmy, JB. "Measurement of the Am241(γ,n)Am240 reaction in the giant dipole resonance region." Physical Review C - Nuclear Physics 82.5 (2010). Full Text

Weisenberger, AG, Stolin, A, Kross, B, Lee, SJ, Majewski, S, McKisson, J, McKisson, JE, Xi, W, Zorn, C, Howell, CR, Crowell, AS, Reid, CD, and Smith, MF. "Compact beta particle/positron imager for plant biology." IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium Conference Record (2010): 1752-1754. Full Text

Trotter, DEG, Meneses, FS, Tornow, W, Crowell, AS, Howell, CR, Schmidt, D, and Walter, RL. "Neutron detection efficiency determinations for the TUNL neutron-neutron and neutron-proton scattering-length measurements." Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment 599.2-3 (2009): 234-242. Full Text

Bowman, CD, Bowman, DC, Bilpuch, EG, Crowell, AS, Howell, CR, McCabe, K, Smith, GA, Tonchev, AP, Tornow, W, Vylet, V, and Walter, RL. "Neutrons from a proton-driven deuterium target as a possible competitor to spallation for nuclear energy applications." Nuclear Science and Engineering 161.1 (2009): 119-124.

Bowman, CD, Bilpuch, EG, Bowman, DC, Crowell, AS, Howell, CR, McCabe, K, Smith, GA, Tonchev, AP, Tornow, W, Violet, V, Vogelaar, RB, Walter, RL, and Yingling, J. "Reducing parasitic thermal neutron absorption in graphite reactors by 30%." Nuclear Science and Engineering 161.1 (2009): 68-77.

Laveissière, G, Degrande, N, Jaminion, S, Jutier, C, Todor, L, Salvo, RD, Hoorebeke, LV, Alexa, LC, Anderson, BD, Aniol, KA, Arundell, K, Audit, G, Auerbach, L, Baker, FT, Baylac, M, Berthot, J, Bertin, PY, Bertozzi, W, Bimbot, L, Boeglin, WU, Brash, EJ, Breton, V, Breuer, H, Burtin, E, Calarco, JR, Cardman, LS, Cavata, C, Chang, C-C, Chen, J-P, Chudakov, E, Cisbani, E, Dale, DS, Jager, CWD, Leo, RD, Deur, A, D'Hose, N, Dodge, GE, Domingo, JJ, Elouadrhiri, L, Epstein, MB, Ewell, LA, and Finn, JM et al. "Virtual Compton scattering and neutral pion electroproduction in the resonance region up to the deep inelastic region at backward angles." Physical Review C - Nuclear Physics 79.1 (2009). Full Text

Weisenberger, AG, Kross, B, McKisson, J, Stolin, A, Zorn, C, Howell, CR, Crowell, AS, Reid, CD, Majewski, S, and Smith, MF. "Positron emission tomography detector development for plant biology." IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium Conference Record (2009): 2323-2328. Full Text

Bowman, CD, Vogelaar, RB, Bilpuch, EG, Bowman, DC, Howell, CR, Pierson, MA, Tonchev, AP, and Tornow, W. "Basis for green energy multiplier*alternative nuclear technology (GEM*ART)." Transactions of the American Nuclear Society 100 (2009): 578-579.