Calvin R. Howell

Calvin R. Howell

Professor of Physics

Office Location: 
221 Dfell, Durham, NC 27708
Front Office Address: 
Box 90308, Durham, NC 27708-0308
Phone: 
(919) 660-2632

Overview

Professor Howell's research interests are the quantum chromodynamics (QCD) description of structure and reactions of few-nucleon systems, Big Bang and explosive nucleosynthesis, and applications of nuclear physics in biology, medicine and national security. His research includes: studies of few-nucleon reaction dynamics, measurements of the neutron-neutron scattering length, photodisintegration of the deuteron and beryllium at energies relevant to astrophysics processes, and studies of the carbon and nitrogen accumulation and translocation in plants using short-lived radioactive isotopes and positron emission tomography.

Education & Training

  • Ph.D., Duke University 1984

Selected Grants

Nuclear Data Measurements Using Gamma Rays and Radiation Detector Development awarded by US Department of Homeland Security (Principal Investigator). 2011 to 2017

Stellar Evolution Studied with an Optical Time Projection Chamber awarded by University of Connecticut (Principal Investigator). 2014 to 2016

Advanced Conceptual Design for the Majorana Demonstrator awarded by Oak Ridge National Labs (Principal Investigator). 2010 to 2016

Fission Product Yields of 235U, 238U, 239Pu and Neutron Induced Reactions on Specific Nuclei awarded by Department of Energy (Co-Principal Investigator). 2006 to 2015

REU Site: Undergraduate Research in Nuclear Physics at TUNL/Duke University awarded by National Science Foundation (Principal Investigator). 2009 to 2015

Radionuclide Imaging Technologies for Biological Systems awarded by Department of Energy (Principal Investigator). 2010 to 2014

Cross-disciplinary Training in Medical Physics awarded by National Institutes of Health (Mentor). 2007 to 2013

IDBR: Development of a System for Measuring Dynamic Biological Response in Plants Using Coincidence Counting awarded by National Science Foundation (Principal Investigator). 2007 to 2012

Operation Efficiency and Performance Enhancements and Completion of HINDA at HIGS awarded by Department of Energy (Principal Investigator). 1997 to 2009

Pages

Weisenberger, AG, Kross, B, Lee, SJ, McKisson, J, McKisson, JE, Xi, W, Zorn, C, Howell, CR, Crowell, AS, Reid, CD, and Smith, M. "Nuclear physics detector technology applied to plant biology research." Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment 718 (August 2013): 157-159. Full Text

Elhami, E, Orce, JN, Scheck, M, Mukhopadhyay, S, Choudry, SN, McEllistrem, MT, Yates, SW, Angell, C, Boswell, M, Fallin, B, Howell, CR, Hutcheson, A, Karwowski, HJ, Kelley, JH, Parpottas, Y, Tonchev, AP, and Tornow, W. "Erratum: Experimental study of the low-lying structure of Zr with the reaction [Phys. Rev. C 78 , 064303 (2008)]." Physical Review C 88.2 (August 2013). Full Text

Weisenberger, AG, Kross, B, Lee, SJ, McKisson, J, McKisson, JE, Xi, W, Zorn, C, Howell, CR, Crowell, AS, Reid, CD, and Smith, M. "Nuclear physics detector technology applied to plant biology research." Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment 718 (January 1, 2013): 157-159. Full Text

Lee, S, Kross, B, McKisson, J, McKisson, JE, Weisenberger, AG, Xi, W, Zorn, C, Bonito, G, Howell, CR, Reid, CD, Crowell, A, Cumberbatch, LC, Topp, C, and Smith, MF. "Imaging corn plants with PhytoPET, a modular PET system for plant biology." Ieee Nuclear Science Symposium Conference Record (January 1, 2013). Full Text

Lee, S, Kross, B, McKisson, J, McKisson, JE, Weisenberger, AG, Xi, W, Zorn, C, Howell, CR, Reid, CD, and Smith, MF. "PhytoPET: Design and initial results of modular PET for plant biology." Ieee Nuclear Science Symposium Conference Record (December 1, 2012): 1323-1325. Full Text

Weisenberger, AG, Kross, B, Lee, S, McKisson, J, McKisson, JE, Xi, W, Zorn, C, Reid, CD, Howell, CR, Crowell, AS, Cumberbatch, L, Fallin, B, Stolin, A, and Smith, MF. "PhytoBeta imager: a positron imager for plant biology." Physics in Medicine and Biology 57.13 (July 2012): 4195-4210. Full Text

Fonvieille, H, Laveissière, G, Degrande, N, Jaminion, S, Jutier, C, Todor, L, Di Salvo, R, Van Hoorebeke, L, Alexa, LC, Anderson, BD, Aniol, KA, Arundell, K, Audit, G, Auerbach, L, Baker, FT, Baylac, M, Berthot, J, Bertin, PY, Bertozzi, W, Bimbot, L, Boeglin, WU, Brash, EJ, Breton, V, Breuer, H, Burtin, E, Calarco, JR, Cardman, LS, Cavata, C, Chang, C-C, Chen, J-P, Chudakov, E, Cisbani, E, Dale, DS, de Jager, CW, De Leo, R, Deur, A, d’Hose, N, Dodge, GE, Domingo, JJ, Elouadrhiri, L, Epstein, MB, Ewell, LA, Finn, JM, Fissum, KG, Fournier, G, Frois, B, Frullani, S, Furget, C, Gao, H, Gao, J, Garibaldi, F, Gasparian, A, Gilad, S, Gilman, R, Glamazdin, A, Glashausser, C, Gomez, J, Gorbenko, V, Grenier, P, Guichon, PAM, Hansen, JO, Holmes, R, Holtrop, M, Howell, C, Huber, GM, Hyde, CE, Incerti, S, Iodice, M, Jardillier, J, Jones, MK, Kahl, W, Kato, S, Katramatou, AT, Kelly, JJ, Kerhoas, S, Ketikyan, A, Khayat, M, Kino, K, Kox, S, Kramer, LH, Kumar, KS, Kumbartzki, G, Kuss, M, Leone, A, LeRose, JJ, Liang, M, Lindgren, RA, Liyanage, N, Lolos, GJ, Lourie, RW, Madey, R, Maeda, K, Malov, S, Manley, DM, Marchand, C, Marchand, D, Margaziotis, DJ, Markowitz, P, Marroncle, J, Martino, J, McCormick, K, McIntyre, J, Mehrabyan, S, Merchez, F, Meziani, ZE, Michaels, R, Miller, GW, Mougey, JY, Nanda, SK, Neyret, D, Offermann, EAJM, Papandreou, Z, Pasquini, B, Perdrisat, CF, Perrino, R, Petratos, GG, Platchkov, S, Pomatsalyuk, R, Prout, DL, Punjabi, VA, Pussieux, T, Quémenér, G, Ransome, RD, Ravel, O, Real, JS, Renard, F, Roblin, Y, Rowntree, D, Rutledge, G, Rutt, PM, Saha, A, Saito, T, Sarty, AJ, Serdarevic, A, Smith, T, Smirnov, G, Soldi, K, Sorokin, P, Souder, PA, Suleiman, R, Templon, JA, Terasawa, T, Tieulent, R, Tomasi-Gustaffson, E, Tsubota, H, Ueno, H, Ulmer, PE, Urciuoli, GM, Vanderhaeghen, M, Van der Meer, RLJ, Van De Vyver, R, Vernin, P, Vlahovic, B, Voskanyan, H, Voutier, E, Watson, JW, Weinstein, LB, Wijesooriya, K, Wilson, R, Wojtsekhowski, BB, Zainea, DG, Zhang, W-M, Zhao, J, and Zhou, Z-L. "Virtual Compton scattering and the generalized polarizabilities of the proton at and 1.76 GeV." Physical Review C 86.1 (July 2012). Full Text

Kapadia, A, Crowell, A, Fallin, B, Howell, C, Agasthya, G, Lakshmanan, M, Newton, J, Juang, T, and Oldham, M. "SU-E-T-108: 3D Measurement of Neutron Dose from a Novel Neutron Imaging Technique." Medical Physics 39.6Part11 (June 2012): 3727-null. Full Text

Couture, AH, Clegg, TB, Tajima, S, Howell, CR, Fallin, B, Esterline, JH, Crowell, AS, Crowe, BJ, Markoff, DM, Cumberbatch, LC, Pedroni, RS, and Witała, H. "Cross-section measurements of H( ) in symmetric star configurations." Physical Review C 85.5 (May 2012). Full Text

Hammond, SL, Adekola, AS, Angell, CT, Karwowski, HJ, Kwan, E, Rusev, G, Tonchev, AP, Tornow, W, Howell, CR, and Kelley, JH. "Dipole response of U to polarized photons below the neutron separation energy." Physical Review C 85.4 (April 2012). Full Text

Pages