Calvin R. Howell

Calvin R. Howell

Professor of Physics

Office Location: 
221 Dfell, Durham, NC 27708
Front Office Address: 
Box 90308, Durham, NC 27708-0308
Phone: 
(919) 660-2632

Overview

Professor Howell's research interests are the quantum chromodynamics (QCD) description of structure and reactions of few-nucleon systems, Big Bang and explosive nucleosynthesis, and applications of nuclear physics in biology, medicine and national security. His research includes: studies of few-nucleon reaction dynamics, measurements of the neutron-neutron scattering length, photodisintegration of the deuteron and beryllium at energies relevant to astrophysics processes, and studies of the carbon and nitrogen accumulation and translocation in plants using short-lived radioactive isotopes and positron emission tomography.

Education & Training

  • Ph.D., Duke University 1984

Selected Grants

Nuclear Data Measurements Using Gamma Rays and Radiation Detector Development awarded by US Department of Homeland Security (Principal Investigator). 2011 to 2017

Stellar Evolution Studied with an Optical Time Projection Chamber awarded by University of Connecticut (Principal Investigator). 2014 to 2016

Advanced Conceptual Design for the Majorana Demonstrator awarded by Oak Ridge National Labs (Principal Investigator). 2010 to 2016

Fission Product Yields of 235U, 238U, 239Pu and Neutron Induced Reactions on Specific Nuclei awarded by Department of Energy (Co-Principal Investigator). 2006 to 2015

REU Site: Undergraduate Research in Nuclear Physics at TUNL/Duke University awarded by National Science Foundation (Principal Investigator). 2009 to 2015

Radionuclide Imaging Technologies for Biological Systems awarded by Department of Energy (Principal Investigator). 2010 to 2014

Cross-disciplinary Training in Medical Physics awarded by National Institutes of Health (Mentor). 2007 to 2013

IDBR: Development of a System for Measuring Dynamic Biological Response in Plants Using Coincidence Counting awarded by National Science Foundation (Principal Investigator). 2007 to 2012

High Voltage System for Scintillation Detectors at HIGS awarded by Department of Energy (Principal Investigator). 1997 to 2009

Pages

Weisenberger, AG, Kross, B, Lee, SJ, McKisson, J, McKisson, JE, Xi, W, Zorn, C, Howell, CR, Crowell, AS, Reid, CD, and Smith, M. "Nuclear physics detector technology applied to plant biology research." Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment 718 (January 1, 2013): 157-159. Full Text

Lee, S, Kross, B, McKisson, J, McKisson, JE, Weisenberger, AG, Xi, W, Zorn, C, Bonito, G, Howell, CR, Reid, CD, Crowell, A, Cumberbatch, LC, Topp, C, and Smith, MF. "Imaging corn plants with PhytoPET, a modular PET system for plant biology." IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium Conference Record (January 1, 2013). Full Text

Kapadia, A, Crowell, A, Fallin, B, Howell, C, Agasthya, G, Lakshmanan, M, Newton, J, Juang, T, and Oldham, M. "SU-E-T-108: 3D Measurement of Neutron Dose from a Novel Neutron Imaging Technique." Medical physics 39.6Part11 (June 2012): 3727-. Full Text

Al-Ohali, MA, Delaroche, JP, Howell, CR, Nagadi, MM, Naqvi, AA, Tornow, W, Walter, RL, and Weisel, GJ. "Neutron scattering from 28Si and 32S from 8.0 to 18.9 MeV, dispersive optical model analyses, and ground-state correlations." Physical Review C - Nuclear Physics 86.3 (2012). Full Text

Weisenberger, AG, Dong, H, Kross, B, Lee, SJ, McKisson, J, McKisson, JE, Xi, W, Zorn, C, Howell, CR, Crowell, AS, Cumberbatch, L, Reid, CD, Smith, MF, and Stolin, A. "Development of PhytoPET: A plant imaging PET system." IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium Conference Record (2012): 275-278. Full Text

Lee, S, Dong, H, McKisson, J, McKisson, JE, Weisenberger, AG, Xi, W, Howell, CR, Reid, CD, and Smith, MF. "Ethernet-based flash ADC for a plant PET detector system." IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium Conference Record (2012): 1320-1322. Full Text

Lee, S, Kross, B, McKisson, J, McKisson, JE, Weisenberger, AG, Xi, W, Zorn, C, Howell, CR, Reid, CD, and Smith, MF. "PhytoPET: Design and initial results of modular PET for plant biology." IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium Conference Record (2012): 1323-1325. Full Text

Fonvieille, H, Laveissière, G, Degrande, N, Jaminion, S, Jutier, C, Todor, L, Salvo, RD, Hoorebeke, LV, Alexa, LC, Anderson, BD, Aniol, KA, Arundell, K, Audit, G, Auerbach, L, Baker, FT, Baylac, M, Berthot, J, Bertin, PY, Bertozzi, W, Bimbot, L, Boeglin, WU, Brash, EJ, Breton, V, Breuer, H, Burtin, E, Calarco, JR, Cardman, LS, Cavata, C, Chang, C-C, Chen, J-P, Chudakov, E, Cisbani, E, Dale, DS, Jager, CWD, Leo, RD, Deur, A, D'Hose, N, Dodge, GE, Domingo, JJ, Elouadrhiri, L, and Epstein, MB et al. "Virtual Compton scattering and the generalized polarizabilities of the proton at Q2=0.92 and 1.76 GeV2." Physical Review C - Nuclear Physics 86.1 (2012). Full Text

Arnold, CW, Clegg, TB, Iliadis, C, Karwowski, HJ, Rich, GC, Tompkins, JR, and Howell, CR. "Cross-section measurement of 9Be(γ,n)8Be and implications for α+α+n→9Be in the r process." Physical Review C - Nuclear Physics 85.4 (2012). Full Text

Pages

Trotter, DEG, Tornow, W, Howell, CR, and Walter, RL. "Neutron-deuteron analyzing power at E-n=2.0 MeV." March 12, 2001.

Pages