The discovery of topological band insulators has created a revolution in condensed matter physics. We generalize the essential idea of band inversion and symmetry protection to experimentally feasible superconducting systems with time-reversal symmetry. When such a one-dimensional system becomes topological nontrivial, a Majorana Kramers pair appears on the boundary, producing quantized tunneling conductance plateaus and unprecedented fractional Josephson effects. The latter effects have two significant implications: (i) the existence of a "periodic building" unifying all the free-fermion topological systems and (ii) the possibility of fractionalization in superconductors.
Tuesday, March 25, 2014 - 11:30am
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Fan Zhang (Univ. of Pennsylvania)